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Today most scientists believe that oil is of biogenic origin. In other words, the oil was formed from the decomposition products of small organisms of plants and animals (plankton)that lived millions of years ago. The oldest oil deposits were formed 600 million years ago.

At that time most of the Land was covered with water. Living organisms after death sank to the bottom of ancient seas and bays and covered with silt, sand and subsequent layers of sediments. These deposits gradually compacted, dehydrated and sank lower and lower. The pressure and temperature in these deposits was increased. Under anaerobic bacteria (i.e. bacteria that can live without oxygen)of organic matter began to condense hydrocarbons, gathered in small oily droplets. Unfortunately, scientists still can not answer the question of which processes in organic sediments led to the formation of oil.

It is important to understand that the hydrocarbons do not lay under the earth in the form of lakes oil. They were mixed with water and sand, which gradually seeped through the porous layers of sandstones and limestones, together with the gas bubbles. Often the mixture is moved through the rocks under the influence of high pressure. Oil and gas seeped into the voids between the particles sediment as the water passes into the sponge. Sooner or later, on the way oil and gas across the layer of rock through which they pass, - impermeable rocks, which had no pores or cracks, and thus, they were in a geological "trap".

While there was the formation of oil, the Earth is also changing. Was the movement of the earth's crust, faults, and joints arrays. These processes have formed different types of oil geological traps.

We know that the composition of the oil found in different parts of the world varies greatly. This explains the difference in the reactions taking place during the formation of oil or different species of plants and animals, from the organisms which it was formed.

The oil reserves in the hundreds of billions of tons, and spread it everywhere, on land and at sea. What was on the surface, has long been used, and now the oil is extracted from the depths of 2-4 km and more. But more deeply it even more, just out to get it while not economically viable, that is expensive.

Did you know that...

The first conjecture about the origin of oil from organic matter was expressed by Russian scientist Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov in his work "About the layers of the earth" (1763)

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Total votes: 167

Your comments:

2014-03-09 10:39:05
Had to be a disaster (it is proved that there were several floods), resulting in what should have been killed many animals, insects, plants and humans)) to get this amount of oil...
2013-12-02 16:32:41
CAMRON (me the truth name)
2013-11-30 23:47:15
what religion is oil is oil and God is God
2013-10-12 19:45:29
my son is 11 years old, he is in complete awe of Your publication. Thank you,thank you, very cool!
Tarasenko Gennady
2013-09-20 12:57:20
Oil is formed continuously in the bowels of the earth, but it is the blood of the planet and getting the oil we kill ourselves! I found a new energy based on the formation of oil and global climate change will force people to find new energy!!
2013-04-14 16:40:40
Where does the Bible at all? And what does God do? It is not helpful, it's all invented to somehow explain the incomprehensible. It's easier.
2013-02-08 17:20:03
Studies of the Kola superdeep borehole showed that the geological depths where no living beings still nebylo discovered oil. And when amirable marine life that has prevented not anaerobic bacteria to decompose? Moreover, extinction is gradually and not at once, millions of tons of plankton decided to die in one place. So all these theories about the origin of the highly far-fetched.
2013-01-29 17:06:24
2013-01-14 00:52:11
Hello to all who believe in God. Go books are better to read, and no nonsense about the Creator tell.
2012-12-25 13:04:25
Oil - divine Providence! Evolution (it was for our formation) - divine Providence! Anything in this world does not appear out of the chaos! Everything is subordinated to certain laws (including evolution, with its own algorithm(!!)!

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