It just so happened that the term "wolf berries" hide different concepts.
First, wolf berries is one of the folk names of Bush, called Daphne (other names - Daphne, volcanic, Daphne). This wonderful plant in the spring starts to behave not like the other "respectable" bushes and trees: they first appear on the leaves and then flowers. And Daphne is first covered with beautiful pink flowers (April-may), and only then releases on countless branches "tufts" narrow ovate leaves.
Bright red berries wolves bark pea-sized, sitting directly on the branches on 2-3 pieces as sea buckthorn.
Although they look very appetizing, have them in no event it is impossible, as they are very poisonous! However, Daphne all parts are poisonous plants. Even a small drop of juice, once on the skin or mucous membrane of the lips or eyes, causing irritation. If you eat the berry of volcanica will start burning, nausea, vomiting, weakness, can begin convulsions, temperature will rise... So try not to approach this beautiful Bush!
"Daphne"... Why wolf? Probably because people wolves have long been a symbol of treachery, cruelty and evil. Why bast? But because the bark of volcanica (more precisely, the phloem under the bark) is very durable. Earlier, it was made of paper, ropes, ropes and even wove sandals. Anyone who tried to disrupt a branch of volcanica "memory"knows to break it easily, but be severed from the hive is more complicated. The reason is durable bast.
Just reading these lines, please don't treat this plant as an enemy, if you are lucky enough to meet him in the woods! First, it is quite rare and listed in the Red book. Secondly, Daphne is a great bee plant, and blossoms in the time when other colors are still very few. Thirdly, volcanic - a medicinal plant. Fourth, despite the toxicity, birds somehow can eat the fruits of volcanica without any harm, so do not deprive birds of this food source.
Wolf berries are sometimes called honeysuckle forest. Its berries are very similar to berries wolves bark:
To distinguish it from volcanica is possible in two ways: its berries on short pedicels depart from the nodes (i.e. from where depart sheets), and not from the internodes. In addition, the honeysuckle berries sit for two. They are not poisonous, like berries wolves bark, but still inedible. They will catch the berry - and at first felt slightly sweet taste, but almost immediately feel in the mouth strong bitterness, which then does not pass.
By the way, honeysuckle forest - a close relative of the edible honeysuckle. Its blue with a glaucous bloom, berries are delicate aroma and bitter-sour taste reminiscent of blueberries, contain many nutrients and are valued as a healing. It bred in the gardens.
And, finally, "wolf berries" is a collective popular name all berries with black or red fruits are berry kind, which are inedible or poisonous. Here are some examples of such plants.