There is a Phoenician legend about the first sailor. They were Tyrian woodsman Mustache. Once the Us got so enthusiastic about the work that is not noticed as a forest caught fire and he was in the fire semiring. The fire was strong, so to get through it was impossible. What to do: to drown in the sea or burned alive? The us chose the former: he cut down the high cedar, cleared it from the branches pushed into the water and rushed him into the sea.
So a method was found to overcome the seas and oceans. It is possible that the beam or, more likely, several of logs fastened together (raft), and were "the first floating ship. Anyway, the raft was known to all Nations, and has maintained its popularity in the era of oars, Yves our time.
The raft is the most reliable floating vehicle. He can't drown, even if you tried. But the raft has disadvantages: it is slow speed and poorly managed, not protect from the weather. And people turn to another ancient floating tool - boat.
"Solar boat" Egyptian pharaohs known since the 3rd Millennium BC. This vessel, sealed in the recesses at the foot of the pyramid of Cheops about 4.5 thousand years ago (about 2500 BC) and found in the 50-ies of the 20th century.
Royal rook was made of Lebanese cedar and had 43.3 m long and 5.6 m wide.
On the boat we had 2 cabins: in the middle of the hull, about 9 m, and on the nose.
Moved the rook with 10 pairs of oars.
One of the earliest descriptions of the ship is in the biblical Book of Genesis. This is the famous Noah's ark. Here is a detailed "divine" engineering guide its design: "Make yourself an ark of gopher wood (cedar); Department make in the ark, and pitch it within and without with pitch. And thou shalt make it of: the length of the ark three hundred cubits, the breadth of it fifty cubits, and its height thirty cubits. And thou shalt make a hole in the ark, and in the elbow finish it upward; and the door of the ark in the side of him; give him lower, second, and third housing" (the Bible, Genesis, the main 6, verse 14). Perhaps it looked like the three-Decker ships of the ancient Jews.
The design and purpose of the ships are multiplying and becoming diverse combat vessels differ from trading, Greek from the Phoenician, light from seagoing ships. A growing number of decks and rows of oars, short, the stories of ancient authors, to twenty and even thirty. There is a description of the ancient Titanic - ship-giant, its size caught the imagination of contemporaries. This sorocabana pleasure ship Ptolemy VI Philopator constructed on the project Calixta. Its length is exceeded 120 meters, the width was 20 meters and a height of 21 meters. The crew of this vessel consisted of 400 people on the deck were located about 3 thousand warriors, 4 thousand slaves rowing 20-foot oars.