Apples is the usual fruit in our country. They are not only extremely tasty, but very useful. About the beneficial properties of apples you can write entire books. Here we will briefly consider a few of them.
80-90% by weight of apples is water. Apples contain:
- Sugar (from 5 to 15%).
- Fiber (0.6 per cent).
- Vitamins a, C, 1, 2, 6, R,., apples 50% more vitamin A than in citrus. And apples contain a fairly vitamin B2 - apples it more than other fruits. It is also called the "vitamin of appetite". It is necessary for normal digestion and growth.
- Trace elements: potassium, sodium, iron, manganese, calcium, magnesium, sulfur, aluminum, boron, vanadium, molybdenum, Nickel, fluorine, chromium, zinc!
- Starch (0.9 per cent).
- Pectins (0,27%).
- Organic acids (of 0.3-0.9%).
So how useful these substances and apples in General?
10 health benefits of apples
1. Apples reduce cholesterol in the blood and prevent the development of atherosclerosis.
Due to the high content of pectin and plant fibers apples reduce cholesterol in the blood. One Apple with skin contains 3.5 grams of fiber, which is more than 10% of the daily requirement of the person. The Apple without peel contains 2.7 g of fiber. Insoluble molecules fibers are attached to the cholesterol and help to remove it from the body. Thus, they reduce the risk of blockage of blood vessels of cholesterol plaques.
In addition, pectin strengthens the walls of blood vessels and helps prevent the development of atherosclerosis.
Eating 2 apples a day lowers cholesterol by 16%. And if, in addition, eat in day 1 onion and drink 4 cups of green tea, the risk of heart attacks is reduced by 32%.
2. Apples help normalize digestion
Dietary fiber, of which we have spoken above, not only help to maintain the level of cholesterol in the blood, but also prevent constipation. Pectin helps to cope with diarrhea (diarrhea). Pectin absorbs toxins and poisons in the intestines, stimulates peristalsis (contraction), prevents fermentation processes, the formation of stones in the gall bladder.
Apples are a good natural remedy for upset stomach. Due to the high content of vitamin G it is good to use to increase appetite.
Apples are good to eat to prevent nausea and vomiting.
3. Apples are useful when the deficiency (hypovitaminosis)
Apples are used when beriberi, anemia, because they contain a lot of vitamins and minerals. From the juice of sour apples the extract malic acid iron used in the treatment of anemia.
In Apple juice a lot of blood-forming elements such as iron and manganese. It contains potassium, sodium and calcium in optimal proportions, therefore, strengthens the cardiovascular system
4. Apples have a restorative effect
Apples have a restorative effect and increase the body's resistance to radiation. They strengthen the immune system.
A good restorative action has Apple juice. It is very useful leading sports lifestyle, and mental health and those who lead a sedentary lifestyle.
The high content of sugars (mainly fructose) and organic acids contributes to the normalization of metabolism and restore the body after exercise.
Apple juice is very useful for patients after a heart attack, and assist them in the recovery period. But it should be remembered that many of the nutrients that are in fresh Apple juice, stored briefly (1-2 hours), and in industrial packaged juice and juice they are not saved.
5. Apples are good for diabetes
Despite the fact that apples contain a lot of sugars, they are good for diabetics, as the sugar in the apples presented, mainly fructose, and it does not cause the overload of blood sugar (also called hyperglycemia).
6. Apples normalize metabolism
Apples reduced metabolism, normalize electrolyte balance, help to rejuvenate the body and slow the aging process.
The pulp of apples useful for patients undergoing surgery. It increases the body's ability to rapid healing of joints and immune activity.
7. Apples are good for the brain
Macronutrients phosphorus contained in apples, stimulate brain activity and strengthen the nervous system. So if you suffer from insomnia, try before going to sleep, to eat an Apple or drink a glass of Apple juice.
Apple juice is useful to give a tearful child - it has a calming effect.
8. Apples protect against cancer
The skin of the Apple contains a large amount of the antioxidant quercetin, which together with vitamin C prevents free radicals have harmful effects on the body.
Pectin and insoluble fibers also have anti-cancer effect. They prevent constipation and eliminate harmful substances from the body. Thus, they reduce the chances of developing colon cancer is the scourge of modern civilization, caused by excessive consumption of refined, unnatural food.
9. Apples possess disinfectant properties
Volatile apples active against the causative agents of dysentery, Staphylococcus aureus, Proteus, viruses influenza A. antimicrobial activity of volatile increases from the periphery of the fruit in the center.
Apples are properties of antitoxin, disinfect the oral cavity, protects teeth from decay and eliminate bad breath. And unripe fruits have a large disinfectant properties compared with Mature.
10. Apples cleanse the body of toxins and toxins
Pectins bind and remove heavy metals (arsenic, lead) from the body.
Apples prevent the formation of uric acid. Therefore, they are useful in gout, chronic rheumatism. Due to its diuretic action of apples also contribute to the removal of the body from harmful substances.
As part of apples contains chlorogenic acid, which together with pectin promotes the excretion of salts of oxalic acid and oxalates.
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Good to know...
It is better to use fresh apples, because the vitamin C contained in them, is rapidly oxidized in air. In addition, they contain substances that can oxidize vitamin C. And thermal treatment leads to the destruction of these substances and reduce intake of vitamin C.
Try not to cut the peel of apples, as it contains a lot of pectin and fiber.
You should not eat rotten fruit, even if you cut them with rot. Even in a very subtle injuries of the fetus are formed poisons - mycotoxin, which are distributed throughout the fruit. Micotoxin have a deleterious effect on heart, liver and contribute to the emergence of cancer.
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All apples are useful?
In some diseases can be contraindicated different varieties of apples.
For example, patients with gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer and gastritis with high acidity of sour apples contraindicated. The ulcer should never eat raw apples - it is best to replace them baked or pickled. The green apples, peeled, peeled and grated on a grater, used as a cure for gastritis.
If concerned about colitis or kidney stones, apples are best to eat in the form of puree.
The value of apples, among other things, is that they are available to us year round. Folk wisdom says: "an Apple a day will relieve you of the necessity of a visit to the doctor". Eat apples and not get sick!