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P About H E M The H To And

WHAT MAKE OF OIL?

Crude oil is practically applied. It is subjected to cleaning and processing.

Sometimes the primary and secondary refining.

Distillation columns

Distillation columns

The process of separating crude oil into fractions having different boiling point, is called rectification. It is held in a special distillation columns.

Primary processing of oil is a distillation, in which the oil is separated into its component parts (called fractions):

  • liquefied gas;
  • gasoline (road and aviation),
  • jet fuel,
  • kerosene,
  • diesel fuel (diesel oil),
  • the fuel oil.

The first five types of petroleum products are fuel. And the oil is processed to obtain:

  • paraffin,
  • bitumen,
  • liquid fuel boiler,
  • oils.

When mixing of bitumen with mineral substances obtained asphalt (asphalt concrete), used as a road surface.

Liquid boiler fuel used to heat homes.

From oil produce a wide range of lubricants:

  • lubricating oil;
  • insulating oil;
  • hydraulic oil;
  • grease;
  • cutting fluid;
  • vaseline.

Oil obtained from crude oil, are for making ointments and creams.

Remaining after the distillation of crude oil concentrate is called tar. He goes on road and building coverage.

Secondary oil processing involves changing the structure of its component hydrocarbons. It provides the raw material from which to get:

  • synthetic rubbers and rubber;
  • synthetic fabric;
  • plastic;
  • polymer films (polyethylene, polypropylene);
  • detergents;
  • solvents, paints and varnishes;
  • dyes;
  • fertilizers;
  • pesticides;
  • wax;
and much more.

Even the waste oil processing have practical value. From waste oil distillation is coke. It is used in the manufacture of electrodes and in metallurgy. And sulfur which is removed from the oil refining process, is used for the production of sulfuric acid.

Oil gives heat and light
Her replacement is not there.
Made from oil are many:
And asphalt roads,
And suits, and shirts,
Amazing Cup!
Remember how the locomotive
You once to the sea was lucky...
In his furnaces oil burned,
And without oil for that matter?
And not for nothing in our region,
Everyone oilman knows it,
Eagerly waiting for her,
Black gold name.

See also:

 


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Christina
2014-05-14 21:36:46
Thank you very much. Very cognitive
Egor
2014-03-16 11:31:50
Applied oil
Cyril
2014-02-21 19:57:04
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Sasha***
2014-01-08 20:06:23
Thank you very helped))**
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2014-01-07 12:01:10
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Trololo
2013-12-18 11:19:43
PCA
DARINA
2013-12-13 18:20:12
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MrLololowka
2013-12-11 07:55:19
I have knowledge 5+
Samat
2013-12-08 21:13:47
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Iluha
2013-12-05 21:25:35
Here I write the Olympics on technology and came across one question What materials palusot of oil
foam
paper
plastic
he paralo
help me answer

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