Creature with tassels on the ears at ease on the branches and trunks. And not only because she has sharp claws. The cat's whiskers (sensitive strip - whiskers) grow on the face, and proteins on the head, belly and even legs. Thanks to them, the most worrisome animal feels the tree with all his being, with all your body.
Body - said loudly, more body - weighs-protein is usually a quarter of a kilo. These quarter of a kilo is well laid out and insulated. Winter in Moscow Vecchi per square centimeter back meticulous researchers have counted no less than ten thousand hair! On the abdomen the skin three times less. The length of the hair squirrel's body is divided into six zones. Long hair just at the waist, rather, the sacrum, the short head (just over an inch). There are nuances and structure of the skin: the thickness of the skin is measured in microns, but the most thick it on the head and neck.
In the monograph of academician C. E. Sokolova "the Skin of mammals" about Vaxjo written: "In the corners of the mouth are specific skin cancer, consisting of mnogozhalcata (up to 7 lobes) of the sebaceous glands size 333x64 MK. Under these glands are tubular glands, the ducts of which open on the surface of the skin around the mouth". And that's all. Any explanation.
And explanations would very much like to get from knowledgeable people. What substance is released from these ducts? Have the right writers of the old time, who wrote that in the middle ages from saliva tired to the extreme protein was extracted poison? Not on whether this was based confidence in the veterinary strength squirrel meat? Because in ancient times in Western European villages doctored ill domestic animals.
And here is the news. It was considered so important that the message was placed in the "reports of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1978, No. 1). It says that in the visual cortex of squirrel brain found neurons, "do not pay attention to anything but the rapid motion of the object that looks protein. The contours of something stationary, such as a stump, protein exploring different neurons. Isn't it curious?
But we went from squirrel pelts. And nothing - I should say, as Vaxjo shedding. In the spring of first Vilniaus points around the eyes and out the back of my hair (just think, protein plesivec!). Then bald flanks, legs... Last - ears. And the tail is not willing to apply the General rule to be summer and winter - and moult only once a year. Shedding boring, long time. In the suburbs the tail starts to climb in December, January, and commits to lose hair and appears in all its glory in the autumn, buying lush winter look. Protein as if ashamed of thin summer clothes: autumn moult is quickly chic tail to the head and ends on the nose. Unsightly red-grey fur is replaced by a dark and warm. For such a change requires not only hair, but also paints. So hard working dye shop - pigments accumulate in the bags of new hair. And the membrane (the inner surface of the skins) all in dark blue spots. When the coat grows, the spots disappear.
And then begins firing at the well-dressed protein. Experienced hunters say that the surest sign of a full shift dress - grown tassels on the ears.
But here's the problem - why protein these brushes?