The Greek word "hymn" means a solemn paean. Once in ancient times was called the chants composed in honor of the gods and heroes. Centuries passed, and songs of praise became other. The content of the hymn was the glorification of the noble and lofty ideas. So, in the XV century in the Czech Republic, during the national liberation struggle under the leadership of Jan HUS, appeared revolutionary songs - Hussite hymns.
During the French bourgeois revolution of the late eighteenth century was born inspirational anthem of the rebels of the French "Marseillaise". Now it is the national anthem of France.
Sings Mireille Mathieu
In the days of the Paris commune arose text of "international". It was written by Eugene Potier, and the music of "international" was established in 1888 by Pierre Digestarom. In 1902, the text "international" translated into Russian Arkady Yakovlevich Kots. International was the official anthem of the USSR from 1922 to 1944.
Composers of different countries written many works himicheskogo character that works solemn in praise of a particular idea or event. Sometimes it is independent works, such as "Anthem of democratic youth" And, Novikov words L. Oshanin. Sometimes part of larger works - operas, oratorios, even ballet. Everyone is probably familiar majestic hymn "glory" of Glinka's Opera "Ivan Susanin".
M. I. Glinka. Chorus "Glory"
(from the epilogue of the Opera "Ivan Susanin")
And in ballet Glier's "the bronze horseman" is a "Hymn to the great city Petersburg.
R. Glier. The hymn to the great city from the ballet "the bronze horseman"
In the character of an anthem created and the final chorus of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony, written in the text of Schiller's ode "To joy" and glorifying the world of the brotherhood of man.
Ludwig van Beethoven. Ode "To joy" from Symphony No. 9