French etude - study. Aspiring pianists from the first months of practice play etudes - very first light: Goedicke, Behrens, Site. Then, over the years, moving to the more difficult etudes: Clementi, Czerny, Moszkowski.
The study develops the technique of the musician. Each of them focused on mastering some of the technical technique, for example, playing octaves, technology trills, double thirds, and others.
There are sketches for all musical instruments. Violinists, for example, play the etudes of pennyworth, Kind.
A study of the techniques of his art are not only musicians. Therefore, the word etude" use artists (they even have a saying - go sketching means to leave the city, so at some scenery to practice certain techniques of painting).
You, of course, not once met this term and applied to chess. Chess studies published in the journal for anyone who wants to learn them.
Studies of major artists are not only exercises to develop some kind of reception, but also original works of art. Many picturesque sketches are exhibited in museums and arouse the admiration of the visitors. It's the same in music. Remember the great Chopin etudes. Pianists often play in their concerts, and nobody comes, that is - "exercises". Meanwhile, in the basis of each of the Chopin etudes lies one technique: the technique of the left hand in the famous Revolutionary etude (cit. 10 No. 12), double notes in charming lyrical Third (cit. 10), octave technique in many others, the movement "broken" sixteenth - Funeral March Twenty third study (cit. 25).
F. Chopin. Etude Etude in E major Op. 10 No. 3.
Performed By Vladimir Ashkenazy
The sketches that you can perform on stage as a real work of art, called concert. Piano concert etudes wrote, except Chopin, Liszt, Scriabin, Rachmaninov and other composers. Among concert etudes for violin most famous Paganini etudes.