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Music dictionary in the stories. The Letter R


Have you ever hear about one of the foreign languages they say that it belongs to romance or to "romance"? If you had, you probably would have thought that between this definition and the musical term denoting one of the genres of vocal music, is the most direct connection.

I. Pryanishnikov
Cruel romances

Romance is the name, which originated from the Spanish word "romance"that means romance, that is executable on the "Romanesque" (Spanish) language. Got this name when in Spain is widespread so-called "secular" songs. Unlike Church hymns, which in Catholic countries was performed always in Latin, "secular" songs were sung in Spanish.

Romances pieces for voices with instrumental accompaniment spread from Spain across Europe. They got in Russia. Of course, they didn't sound Spanish, but the name stuck. First, only those works which had not the Russians (mostly French) texts. Plays, Pessina with Russian words, was called "Russian song". Over time, composers began to create songs to poems by Russian poets.

Probably many of you have heard wonderful romances by Glinka, Dargomyzhsky, Borodin, Mussorgsky, Tchaikovsky and Rimsky-Korsakov, Taneyev and Rachmaninov, Prokofiev, and Sviridov - these genuine pearls chamber vocal art.

M. Glinka - A. Pushkin. "I remember a wonderful moment"
Performs Sergei Lemeshev

In romance can affect different aspects of life, the relationship of the composer to current events. For example, the romance's "Titular Counsellor" - a satirical story. Other romance - "the Old corporal" is a dramatic scene. And romance Prokofiev's "Eggs" on poems by Agnes Barto - comic sketch. There are romances without words. Their singing instrument - violin, piano or cello, as if imitating the human voice. Such instrumental songs have Tchaikovsky, Glazunov, Rachmaninov, Glier and other composers.

Music dictionary in stories
Printed materials of the eponymous book by L. Mikheeva (Moscow, "Soviet composer", 1984)

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