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Music dictionary in the stories. Letter

SUITE

The first in the history of music multipart instrumental works arose from dancing. Initially, under this kind of music only danced, then began to listen to it. It turned out that it can bring great pleasure not less than the dancing. Many centuries ago there appeared a work consisting of several parts-dancing, but designed for the hearing. These works were called suites - from the French word suite - sequence.

First, the disk contains four different dances: allemande, courante, Sarabande and Gigue (of which you can read in the story "the Dance"). Dancing these were joined by the principle of contrast between the slow, smooth and alive-hopping. Over time they began to be supplemented with other elegant starchy minuet, Cutesy slow the Gavotte, humorous Bourree or lively Provencal rigadoon. Sometimes appeared in the Suite and non-dancing parts - prelude, Aria, Capriccio, Rondo. This Suite is entered in the history of music called "old". They created many composers of the eighteenth century. The most famous Suite I. S. Bach and G. F. Handel. The Suite was composed for harpsichord, lute, former favorite homemade tool of those times, sometimes - and for orchestra.

At a later time, starting with the first half of the nineteenth century, a widespread Suite of another type such as, for example, "Carnival" R. Schumann - cycle diverse piano miniatures. Or "Pictures at an exhibition" M. P. Mussorgsky - a collection of pieces that transmit the impression of a composer from the exhibition of the artist C. A. Hartmann. And the orchestral suites of P. I. Tchaikovsky's not associated with a particular program, but not dance. This characteristic plays with features subtle styling.

Often written Suite from the music for theatrical performances, movies, ballet or Opera excerpts. Such, for example, the Suite "peer Gynt" E. Grieg, "the gadfly" D. D. Shostakovich, Cinderella S. S. Prokofiev. Perhaps you yourself can add to this list easily.


Music dictionary in stories
Printed materials of the eponymous book by L. Mikheeva (Moscow, "Soviet composer", 1984)

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