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Music dictionary in the stories. The Letter B


It is a very ancient and very popular tool. His ancestor was a simple stone or wooden mallet, which was used more primitive people. Over time, however, they noticed that the sound is more resonant, if not beat on solid wood or stone and a hollow vessel. And then embarked on a vessel or a Hoop to pull animal skins.

If you happen to see African or Oriental dance, then you probably remember that they dryer is one of the "main actors". He accompanies the dance whimsically, capriciously changing rhythm. In some African countries the drum and now is used as a "phone": drumroll spread far in the air, passing conditional language, important information, warning of the danger.

Had drum once and tragic functions: under its volumetric fraction led to the execution of revolutionaries, chased soldiers through operation.

The sounds of drum and horn systems were pioneers on parade

Two types of drum - bass drum and snare drum are already full members of the Symphony and wind orchestras. They belong to the group of percussion instruments.

Large orchestral drum

The drum sound has a certain height, why not write it on a stave, and the so-called "thread" - a single line, which marked only the rhythm.

Great drum sounds powerful. His sound is reminiscent of the thunder, distant gun shots. In Opera and Symphony orchestras use it sometimes in fine order. So, for example, Beethoven in the Sixth, Pastoral Symphony with it gave a sound of thunder; Shostakovich's Eleventh Symphony cast bass drum for the image of the gun shots.

On a large drum played with wooden sticks with soft knockers covered with cork or felt. The snare sounds dry and clear. His shot well emphasizes the rhythm of the music, sometimes revives her, and sometimes makes the alarm.

On the snare drum played with two sticks.

Snare drum

Snare drum - military, marching instrument. However, he may even become a soloist with the Symphony orchestra. In "Bolero" by Ravel, he does not stop throughout the works, clearly beating the rhythm of Spanish dance.

M. Ravel. "Bolero"
performed by the London Symphony orchestra

Shostakovich was introduced in the first part of his Seventh Symphony even three small drum: they are monotonous and ominous sound in the episode the Nazi invasion.

D. Shostakovich. Symphony No. 7 "Leningrad". The theme of invasion

And in the Eleventh Symphony fraction snare portrays a picture of the shooting on January 9, 1905.

D. Shostakovich. Symphony No. 11, part 2 Allegro (9 January). The movie shooting

Music dictionary in stories
Printed materials of the eponymous book by L. Mikheeva (Moscow, "Soviet composer", 1984)

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