Many centuries ago appeared on the Ukrainian kobzars. These were itinerant singers, often blind. About the fate of the people, about the struggle of the Ukrainians with the oppressors minstrels sang, accompanying himself on the kobza - tool, which gave them the nickname.
Kobza is a stringed instrument with a body similar to the body of the lute, and with a small, slightly bent back neck. Played it with the help of the mediator.
In the XVIII century kobza gave place to like her, but more complex and perfect tool bandura, which is not one, but two sets of strings. Longer, bass, configured on quarts and seconds, are placed directly on the body and fretboard. Short called pristrunili, located on the fan-shaped body and configured according to the speed range, and in our days, often by semitones.
To this day bandura - favorite Ukrainian instrument. In the Ukraine, in 1942, was organized by the State honored Bandurist of the Ukrainian SSR (now it is called "national honored Bandurist of Ukraine named George Illarionovich Maiboroda").
Student bandura ensemble dir. by Michael Lobintsev (Kiev, 1908)
There are and Amateur ensembles bandura.