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Music dictionary in the stories. Letter To

KOBZA

Everyone knows the name of the great Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko. Did you know that a collection of his poems he called "Kobzar"? Why? What would he say this?

Many centuries ago appeared on the Ukrainian kobzars. These were itinerant singers, often blind. But blindness did not prevent them from seeing the evil that was happening around the plagues that fell upon the common people. About all this, about the fate of the people, about the struggle of the Ukrainians with the oppressors minstrels sang, accompanying himself on the kobza - tool, which gave them the nickname. Therefore Taras Shevchenko called themselves Kobzar: he also sang ordinary people, called to deal with oppression and tyranny. So, the tool kobzars, especially widespread in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, was kobza is a stringed instrument with a body similar to the body of the lute, and with a small, slightly bent back neck. Played it with the help of the mediator.

Kobza
Kobza

In the XVIII century kobza gave place to like her, but more complex and perfect tool bandura, which is not one, but two sets of strings.

Bandura
Bandura

Music dictionary in stories
Printed materials of the eponymous book by L. Mikheeva (Moscow, "Soviet composer", 1984)

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