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Music dictionary in the stories. The Letter B


The Italian word "barka" means the boat. Derived from it - Barcarolle - the song of the boatman.

Maybe somebody will wonder: why does this song, who sing boaters, to give a special name! They can sing the same, and all that... and here and there. These songs are unusual as unusual and boaters, their acting.

F. Schubert, words by A. Pleshcheyevo. Barcarole

The Barcarolle was born in the beautiful Italian city of Venice. Built on numerous Islands, Venice is almost no streets. Instead, the city cut the channels. Right in the channels opened the doors of houses, to the stairs attached long black boats gondolas. In such boats, moving silently through the endless tape channels, and born of barcaroli - songs of the boatmen of the gondoliers. These songs are smooth and melodious, in the accompaniment - dimensional rocking in a rhythm, as if from rolling one after the other waves.


Composers liked the soft song rhythm Barcarole (sometimes called gondolieri), and here following the Venetian folk songs appeared barcaroli created by composers of different countries, barcaroli vocal and piano. The Mendelssohn we find the Barcarolle in his "Songs without words", - Tchaikovsky the collection "seasons", it is a play "June".

P. And Tchaikovsky. June (Barcarolle) from the cycle "the seasons"
performed by Mikhail Pletnev

Barcaroli wrote Glinka, Chopin, Rachmaninoff, Lyadov. And vocal Barcarole the most famous and the most unusual written by Rimsky-Korsakov. This "Song Vedenetskogo guest" in the Opera "Sadko". In old Russia Venice called Videnet, and the merchant of Venice vedenetskogo guest composer has composed an Aria in the rhythm and character of Venetian folk songs, barcaroli.

N. Rimsky-Korsakov. Song Vedenetskogo guest from the Opera "Sadko"
takes Pavel Lisitsian

Music dictionary in stories
Printed materials of the eponymous book by L. Mikheeva (Moscow, "Soviet composer", 1984)

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