In the XVII bloomed genre, close oratorio, a cantata. Once this word refers to any work for singing with instrumental accompaniment (cantare in translation from Italian to sing).
In the XVII century cantata concert vocal piece is lyrical in nature, consisting of arias and recitatives. It was sung by singers-soloists or choir with orchestral accompaniment.
Soon there are spiritual cantata philosophical or didactic content, as well as cantatas welcome, greeting.
Many wonderful cantatas wrote the great German composer Johann Sebastian Bach.
In the nineteenth century, the genre of the cantata attracted by Russian composers. Try to listen to festive cantata Tchaikovsky's "Moscow" for soloists, chorus and orchestra or poetic cantata Rachmaninoff's "Spring", written in the lyrics of a famous poem by Nekrasov "Green noise".
P. Tchaikovsky. Cantata "Moscow".
01 Introduction and Chorus ("small key")
New life cantata and oratorio gave Soviet composers. In their work reduced the differences between the two genres that existed in the past. Earlier oratorio, like Opera, was composed in any dramatic plot. In the cantata, as a rule, this story was not, she embodied a particular thought, idea. For example, cantata Glazunov written for the 100th anniversary of Pushkin's birthday. Now often the story of the cantata (for example, "Alexander Nevsky) and nasienie oratorio (as "On guard for peace" by S. Prokofiev).
In our time, oratorios and cantatas, referred to as a major multi-part vocal-symphonic works devoted to the important events of people's lives.