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Music dictionary in the stories. The Letter B

BALLET

Reveal the volume of Pushkin:

Theatre too full; lodges Shine;
Partner and chair all boils;
In Raika impatiently burst,
And, uzvisici, curtain rustles.
Brilliant, half-ethereal,
Link magic obedient,
A crowd of nymphs surrounded,
Worth Istomin; she
One foot touching the floor,
The other slowly circling,
And suddenly jump, and suddenly flies,
Flies like a puff from the mouth of the Eola;
The mill will twist, you will develop
And a quick leg leg beats.

As in the days of Pushkin, in our time, Russian ballet is famous all over the world.

What is ballet? The French word "ballet" comes from the Italian baletto - dance. For three centuries this word is called the play, which combines music and dance, drama and visual arts.

The French name and his Italian roots are not random. Ballet originated in the Renaissance in Italy. Always loved there fun dance scenes, performed at the carnival. Gradually they became independent dance performances. In France during the era of absolutism bloomed court ballet - the magnificent and solemn spectacle, which was attended by the king, Queen and courtiers. Of course, to the ballet in our understanding was still very far away: after all, the dancers could not be called professionals!

In the second half of the seventeenth century the great French playwright Moliere wrote several comedies-ballets - "Marriage Willy-nilly", "Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme" and others, music which created a wonderful composer Lully. He was also the choreographer. And performed Comedy-ballets actors Moliere. However, professional dancers they were not, but the actors were quite professional.

Further French choreographers, among which there were outstanding masters, created a special "dance language"that classical ballet is still.

In Russia, the ballet has spread in the eighteenth century. In court and serf theatres were beautiful dancer, pleasie his art the most discerning connoisseurs. And in the XIX and XX centuries, no country can compete with Russia. There are unrivaled ballet troupe. It appeared the ballets of Tchaikovsky, Glazunov, Stravinsky, Prokofiev, Aram Khachaturian.


Anna Pavlova (1881-1931)
great Russian ballerina

Ballet is the world most expressive dance movements, gestures, facial expressions. Equally important in ballet three parts - the classical dance, character dance and pantomime. Classical dance - one that in its main features was developed in France of XVII century, is a very beautiful, graceful. All the movements and postures of classical dance graceful and noble.

Often the protagonists of ballet dancing together. Their Duo is called pas de Deux. You have probably seen the pas de Deux of Odette and Prince Siegfried from "the Swan lake" by Tchaikovsky, Giselle and Albrecht in "Giselle" by Adolphe Adam, Kitri and Basilio from "don Quixote" by Minkus. This popular ballet rooms, which are often performed in concerts.

A. Adam. Pas-de-Deux from the ballet "Giselle"

Solo dance called ballet variations. Like Opera arias, ballet variation like paints a portrait of the hero, helps to understand his character. In addition to the soloists, ballet takes part and a large group of artists, called the corps de ballet. The role of the corps de ballet of the similar role of the chorus in the Opera. Dance of the corps de ballet shade the action, make it a variety. They are not always built on a classic basis. Remember the same "Swan lake": in its third act of the Spanish and Neapolitan dances reproduce the movement of folk dances. Such dances are called characteristic.

P. Tchaikovsky. Neapolitan dance from the ballet "Swan lake"

And finally, no less important is another integral part of the ballet - pantomime. The Greek word pantomime means "all reproducing imitation". This movement, gestures that actors like talk to each other. Using pantomime is passed to the actual content of the play, the development of his plot.

In modern ballet, along with classical dance elements, are widely used movement borrowed from gymnastics and acrobatics. Used appropriately and tactfully, they are extremely enrich ancient art, rejuvenate it, making it modern.


Music dictionary in stories
Printed materials of the eponymous book by L. Mikheeva (Moscow, "Soviet composer", 1984)

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