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Music dictionary in the stories. The Letter B

BALALAIKA

More than one hundred years well-known in Russia balalaika. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries was it, perhaps, the most popular folk instrument. It danced during the holidays, sang songs. It folded tales. The balalaika is a stringed instrument, a relative of the guitar, lute, mandolin. She has a wooden triangular or hemispherical body and a long neck, which spanned three strings. On the neck, fingerboard imposed veins at such a distance from each other that, pressing in between the strings, you can get a sound scheme. Veins these are called frets. Retrieves the sound shipname or so-called brazhnyi - blow your index finger across all the strings at once.


Balalaika

A little over a hundred years ago on balalaika noticed a lover of music and theatre Vasily Vasilievich Andreyev.


Vasily Vasilievich Andreyev (1861-1918)
teacher, composer, conductor, performer-virtuoso on guitar and harmonica,
reformer of Russian folk instruments,
founder and leader of the first Russian orchestra, public figure, .

He conceived a simple "peasant" tool to give new life to bring her in concert halls. First of all, Andreev decided balalaika to improve. Under his guidance tool wizard has made changes in its design, and additionally created not one tool, but the whole family: balalaika large and small, that depending on the size of the named Piccolo, prima, Secunda, Alto, bass and contrabass.


Balalaika. Fragment of Russian lubok, XIX century

The balalaika new design Andreev played, performed solo concerts. In 1887 he organized in St. Petersburg "Amateurs balalaika", and nine years later the circle was transformed into a Russian orchestra. The main instruments of the orchestra became balalaika different size, just as in the Symphony orchestra of base - string bow from the violin to double bass. The orchestra still exists today. It is called now State academic Russian orchestra named centuries Andreev.


State academic Russian orchestra named C. C. Andreeva
Photo from the official site
N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov "Flight of the bumblebee"
in the execution State. academic Russian orchestra named C. Andreeva

Now Russian balalaika known all over the world. Many composers create their works. Balalaika is taught in music schools and conservatories.


Music dictionary in stories
Printed materials of the eponymous book by L. Mikheeva (Moscow, "Soviet composer", 1984)

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