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Music dictionary in the stories. Letter

SERENADE

From Seville to Granada
In the quiet darkness of the nights
There are serenades
There is a knock swords.

These lines of the poet A. K. Tolstoy, put to music, and there's Serenade. Probably, you have heard many times.

P. I. Tchaikovsky, words by A. K. Tolstoy. "Serenade Of Don Juan"
Performed By Nicholas Infidels
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The serenades were called musical compositions performed in the evening or at night (Italian expression "al sereno" means "outdoors") in front of the house, to whom the piece was dedicated. Often before the balcony of a beautiful lady.

Originated Serenade in southern Europe, under warm blue skies of Italy and Spain. There she was an essential part of city life. Then with one, then the other streets were almost always hear the sound of music - often tinkling lute or guitar, singing. No wonder Opera Rossini's "the Barber of Seville", so brilliantly embodied scenes of Spanish life, begins a Serenade. The Serenade count Almaviva, who sings, accompanied by hired musicians, charming Rosina.

J. Rossini. Cavatina Almaviva from the Opera "the Barber of Seville"
Performs Sergei Lemeshev
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In XVII-XVIII centuries the serenades were called and Suite for small orchestra, performed outdoors. As a rule, composers wrote them in the order of notable persons Such Serenade wrote Haydn, Mozart. In the nineteenth century orchestral serenades did not appear. The exception was the Tchaikovsky Serenade for string orchestra. Much attention has attracted vocal Serenade is not a song performed by the holder under the balcony beloved, and the romance intended for concert performance. Very popular Serenade Franz Schubert ("my Song, fly with pleading silently in the night..."), music by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky ("Sleep, child, under your window I shall sing a Serenade...").

F. Schubert. "Serenade"
Takes Alibek Dnishev
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As you can see, the contents of the vocal serenades remained traditional.


Music dictionary in stories
Printed materials of the eponymous book by L. Mikheeva (Moscow, "Soviet composer", 1984)

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