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Music dictionary in the stories. The Letter H

NOCTURNE

Dark, almost black shore. Dark mirror of the river. Calm sky and a huge greenish moon. Her reflection magic track crosses the seemingly motionless water. Amazing peace and silence emanates from this paintings. Everyone who has seen this picture, will never forget it. This A. I. Kuindzhi, "Night on the Dnieper".

A. Kuindzhi. Night on the Dnieper
A. I. Kuindzhi. "Night on the Dnieper"

And here's another picture:

Quiet Ukrainian night.
Transparent sky. Stars Shine.
My slumber to overcome
Don't want the air. A little tremble
The silvery poplar leaves.
The moon quietly with height
Over the White Church shines
And Pishpek hetmans gardens
And the old castle illuminates.

And the picture Kuindzhi, and an excerpt from a poem by Pushkin's "Poltava" can be defined as a kind of Nocturne. The French word "nocturne" and the Italian "notturno" literally means night. This term, commonly used in various arts, appeared in the music of the eighteenth century. Then Nocturnes called pieces intended for performance in the open air at night.

Multi-part works, often for several wind instruments and stringed instruments, the nature were close instrumental to the serenades or the divertissements. Sometimes sounded vocal Nocturnes - one-part composition for one or more voices.

In the nineteenth century was quite different Nocturne: dreamy, melodious piano piece inspired by the images of the night, night silence, night thoughts. And the picture Kuindzhi, and poems by Pushkin associated with this Nocturne. First lyrical piano Nocturnes started to compose the Irish composer and pianist John field. Field for a long time he lived in Russia. He took lessons in piano playing young Glinka. Maybe that is why the great Russian composer wrote two piano Nocturne. The second one, called "Separation", is widely known.

M. I. Glinka. Nocturne "Separation"
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Wrote Nocturnes Tchaikovsky, Schumann and other composers. However, the most famous Nocturnes of Chopin. The dreamy and poetic, simple and sad, violent and passionate, they constitute a significant part of the work of this poet of the piano.

F. Chopin. Nocturne No. 2 in e flat (Op.9)
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Music dictionary in stories
Printed materials of the eponymous book by L. Mikheeva (Moscow, "Soviet composer", 1984)

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