Soviet composer Dmitri Borisovich Kabalevsky was very fond of children. For them, besides music, he wrote books. Books that help you understand the music, to feel at ease in her fascinating world. One of the books Kabalevsky called "About three whales and about much more. About a third of the whales, which, according to the author, keeps the music in the book is narrated thus: "Behold, the athletes before the competition go on to the stadium of light sport suits, with a huge billowing in the wind banners - white, blue, green, red... Here comes along the street a military unit. Clearly keep soldiers step. Go as a single, solid, vigorous gait... And ahead - decorated horse tails and bells - a horse that is moving before the eyes of the musicians up and down in time with the music, replaces the hike baton... But little kids - preschoolers go through the big room, armed with red flags. They look so solemn, as if they participate in the "real" may day parade. And the piano sits their teacher... of course, You already got his answer. It seems to me that all along, the military clearly and fluently, you will now mint is short and of itself chased the word: go!"
A few pages Kabalevsky continues: "... Still quite small TNS love to March to the music - not less than to sing and dance some dancing. And about the pioneers and say nothing - horn and drum, playing a March, as the roads they, like the red tie on the chest. With flights - vigorous Hiking, fun, festive, and sometimes, alas, sad, mourning is related to many, many events in the life of every person, in the life of the great masses of people."
What is the March? French marche means walking. In the so called music plays, written in a clear, energetic rhythm that is convenient to go in the ranks. Although marches differ from each other by melody, character and content, one thing unites them: the March always has to be written in an even size for two or four quarters, going to never veered from his feet.
However, there are rare exceptions to this rule. The song Century A. Alexandrov "Holy war"written in verse Century I. Lebedev-Kumach at the beginning of the great Patriotic war, the three-brained. But this is a real marsh - courageous, stern and terrible. Under its sounds went to the front soldiers.
Well, "real" marches of course, you know a great many. And those that are written for motion under them, and those that belong to the major works of Opera, Symphony, oratorio, Sonata. Very famous marches from Gounod's "Faust"from "Aida" by Verdi, Chernomor's March from "Ruslan and Ludmila" by Glinka.
Charles Gounod. The March of soldiers from the Opera "Faust"
Verdi. Triumphal March from the Opera "Aida"
M. I. Glinka. Chernomor's March from the Opera "Ruslan and Lyudmila"
March sounds in the third part from Tchaikovsky's Sixth Symphony in the finale of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony.
Funeral marches are the slow movement of the Third Symphony of Beethoven, piano Sonata No 12 cit. 26, piano Sonata in b-flat minor by Chopin.
F. Chopin. Sonata No. 2 op. 35, part 3 (Funeral March)
Many flights found among children's pieces for piano. For example, in "Children's album" Tchaikovsky is the funeral March - the Funeral of the dolls" and "March of the wooden soldiers".
P. I. Tchaikovsky. "Children's album". March of the wooden soldiers
Often in the nature and rhythm of the March are written songs. In the same his book Kabalevsky, by analogy with the "king of waltz" Johann Strauss says that the king marches Isaak Osipovich Dunaevsky and lists written songs marches: "enthusiasts March", "March of the athletes", "March of naturalists", "Spring March", "Sports March", "March of the tractor," "March of sailors", "March of gunners.
March of athletes