In 1840 the French composer Hector Berlioz wrote a Symphony called "Funeral-triumphal". He dedicated it to the memory of the victims of the French revolution of 1830. The second part of the Symphony is a musical tombstones speech. The composer was commissioned to pronounce her trombone.
Hector Louis Berlioz. Symphony Funeral-triumphal". part 2
Why trombone chose Berlioz for mournful and solemn, dramatic monologue?
Have any trombone in the XV century from the pipe: it is greatly lengthened, made retractable tube-wings. Depending on the provisions of the scenes more or less pushed - changes the overall length of the tool, change the length of the oscillating inside the tube of the air column, and hence the pitch of the sound.
The range of the trombone from salt contra to re the second octave.
The trombone is one of the honored places in the group of brass instruments. He has a very strong voice, easily piercing sound of the whole orchestra. And when a few trombones play together, it gives the music the solemnity and splendor.
The timbre of the trombone in middle and high registers, bright, courageous, and low notes of dark, even sinister. Good at the trombone heroic, tragic melody. It may sound like rhetorical speech, full of pathos. Took advantage of Berlioz in the Funeral and triumphal Symphony. Often instructed the trombones expressive pathetic monologues in his symphonies Austrian composer Gustav Mahler. But frequently three trombones and tuba, combined into one group, playing chords, playing the role of accompaniment.