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Music dictionary in the stories. Letter From

PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS

All musical instruments have a very ancient origin. String from a hunting bow, the wind - from the shell, horn, reed. But the venerable age belongs, of course, drums: they appeared among primitive people, who were to accompany their dances rhythmic beats of one stone on another.

Gradually, there are more sophisticated tools. It turned out that if you pull the skin on hollow wooden or clay object, the sound will become more resonant and strong. Thus was born the ancestors of drums and cymbals.

For many centuries there emerged a group of percussion instruments is the most unstable in composition, but also the most diverse in the modern Symphony orchestra. Now it includes timpani, large and small drums, cymbals. In addition there is a drum or a tambourine, a Tom-Tom, triangle, bells, castanets, bells, xylophone, celesta, vibraphone.

Only some among these very different instruments have the sounds of a certain height. As the title indicates group, it makes the sound when the instrument struck with the hand, fingers, a metal rod or a special mallet. Plates need to hit each other, tambourine - just to shake things up.

In the orchestra of percussion instruments came long ago, but only in the XIX century percussion group has received wide application. Percussion instruments emphasize the rhythm of the music, give the sound of the orchestra of great power, but his paint - a greater variety. Sometimes they are used for onomatopoeia, for example, for the image of thunder, rain, etc., On each of the percussion instruments you can learn here learn more, read the corresponding story.


Music dictionary in stories
Printed materials of the eponymous book by L. Mikheeva (Moscow, "Soviet composer", 1984)

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