In Italian "coloratura" means decoration. Decoration in music is virtuosic passages, trills, and other similar musical patterns", which is illuminated with the main melody of the Aria or - less - romance. As a rule, coloratura found in works written for the highest light and rolling female voices - coloratura soprano. So, all of you probably have heard the Aria of the Queen of the night from Mozart's Opera "the Magic flute":
Aria of the Queen of the night from the Opera Century A. Mozart "the Magic flute"
plays Maria Callas
Or Aria Antonini from Glinka's Opera "Ivan Susanin":
M. I. Glinka. Aria Antonini from the Opera "Ivan Susanin"
Sings Bella Rudenko
But there are coloratura and in works written for other voices. For example, don Basilio's Aria "Libel" in the Opera of Rossini's "Barber of Seville" written for bass, but richly "jeweled" coloratura soprano.
J. Rosina don Basilio's Aria "Slander" from the Opera "the Barber of Seville"
Takes The Mark Reizen
Especially characteristic for coloratura Italian operas. Italian singers has long been famous for his virtuosity, and from the earliest times in the Italian music has a tradition to bring some colour to the vocal music of different decorations. In the nineteenth century, this tradition is partly affected and in the works of composers from other countries.
Meet coloratura and Russian music. Remember Aria Lyudmila from Glinka's Opera "Ruslan and Lyudmila".
M. I. Glinka. Aria Lyudmila "Oh, you share, dolyushka" from the Opera "Ruslan and Lyudmila" (4 step)
In the party in the Opera the snow Maiden Rimsky-Korsakov coloratura passages emphasize the coldness, the fantastic origin of the daughter of Frost and Spring.
N.A. Rimsky-Korsakov. Snow Maiden's Aria from the Opera "the snow maiden" (prologue)
Takes Elizaveta Shumskaya
And in the romance became "the Nightingale" coloratura imitates bird trills.
A. Alyabyev, words by A. Delvig. "The Nightingale"
Sings Evgeny Miroshnichenko