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Music dictionary in the stories. The Letter F


Recall once again the musical tale Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev's "Peter and the wolf", which was mentioned in the story, dedicated to the keynote. All characters in this tale depict various musical instruments: clarinet, oboe, strings... Prokofiev was selected for the characteristics of each character's voice, which is brighter than all of his draws.

The role of the grandfather in a musical fairy tale "plays" the bassoon. Grandpa should probably be low grumbling voice (older people like to gripe to their grandchildren!), maybe a little hoarse. The bassoon is the best suited to this role.


Appeared bassoon in the early sixteenth century, and at the end of the seventeenth century became a permanent member of orchestras and wind ensembles. In its modern form it has existed since the beginning of the XIX century.


The bassoon is the lowest sound of the woodwind instruments (even below it sounds only Contrabassoon). The tube in which the enclosed air, very long, and therefore play it, as the flute or the clarinet, it would be impossible. The solution has been found: tube "folded in half". The range of the bassoon - from in b-flat contra to mi of the second octave, the voice thick and rough in lower case.

Very fast, technically difficult passages on the bassoon to play hard. But the bassoon is mobile enough. Often played on it the melody in fast motion produces a comical impression. The humorous character of the sound of the bassoon staccato notes staccato, fine used Glinka to characterize cowardly fan Lyudmila Farlaf in the Opera "Ruslan and Lyudmila": in the scene of the meeting of Farlaf sorceress Naina alternating staccato two bassoons passes his cowardly trembling.

But sometimes the bassoon sounds tragically. Thus, on the background of basses, mournful focused melody is played by the bassoon solo at the beginning of the Sixth Symphony by Tchaikovsky.

P. I. Tchaikovsky Symphony No. 6. part 1

And in Shostakovich's symphonies bassoon dramatic, pathetic, and sometimes oars or thoughtful.

The Contrabassoon is very similar to the bassoon timbre. The sound of his full, slightly hoarse. The range compared with the bassoon is shifted an octave down. It is applied usually to enhance the bass voices of the orchestra.

The Contrabassoon
The Contrabassoon

Music dictionary in stories
Printed materials of the eponymous book by L. Mikheeva (Moscow, "Soviet composer", 1984)

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