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Music dictionary in the stories. The Letter A


"Is Twice red banner ensemble of song and dance of the Soviet army..."

"Dance ensemble "birch"... "

Violin ensemble of the Bolshoi theatre..."

Ensemble birch
State academic choreographic ensemble "birch"

So you've probably heard more than once. But they say so:

"The ensemble of the Opera the Queen of spades.

"I love chamber instrumental ensembles more other musical genres."


"These performers are perfect ensemble..."

And in each case the word ensemble has a different meaning. Ensemble - from the French ensemble (together) means a joint performance. This is the most General concept. First of all, it implies the presence of music, written for a joint performance.

In accordance with the number of players, the ensemble is called a duet (two performers), trio or teracom (for three), Quartet (four, see more about this special story), quintet , etc.

Ensembles can be vocal or instrumental. The latter always relates to the field of chamber music, the first, most often, are the scenes of an Opera. For example, the Opera "Eugene Onegin" by Tchaikovsky begins ensemble: sounds Duo Tatiana and Olga behind the scenes and on stage, in front of the audience, talking Larina and Babysitting. In General formed the Quartet - the simultaneous singing of the four actors

P. I. Tchaikovsky. A scene from the first scene of the Opera "Eugene Onegin" ("Heard eh you...")

The ensemble is not only a work written for several instruments, but the cast, which it is intended. Many ensembles have a certain number of participants. For example, vocal or piano duets, instrumental trios or quartets. One of our most famous ensembles such Quartet L. Beethoven.

Quartet Beethoven
Public string Quartet Beethoven
The Quartet was founded in 1923 by graduates of the Moscow Conservatory Dmitry Tsyganova (first violin), Vasily Shirinsky (second violin), Vadim Borisovsky (viola) and Sergei Shirinsky (cellist). The name of Beethoven received in 1931, and before that was a Quartet of Moscow Conservatory. The Quartet has existed for about 50 years, performing more than 600 works and specifying writing in the recording studios of more than 200 works of world and Russian classics.

Often the ensemble called the Association of performers on various instruments, singers, dancers. In recent years, has received widespread vocal-instrumental ensembles, performing pop music.

The Beatles
Vocal-instrumental ensemble (rock band) from the UK -
the famous Quartet the Beatles (the Beatles)

And, finally, the word ensemble has another meaning. Imagine that the singer with a delicate silvery voice sings fine romance, and a pianist who accompanies her, loud and heavy. On this design we can say that the singer and pianist is very bad ensemble, or rather, it does not. But what a high pleasure experience by listening to the voice and the piano seem to merge into a single whole and to the accompaniment of course continues, "dogovarivaet"when the silent singer, and even the Grand piano voice is like warm, filled with a deep sense of the human voice. Then to exclaim: "What a lovely ensemble!"

Exactly completely unique ensemble heard those music lovers who are fortunate enough to go to concerts speakers together German singer Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau and our outstanding pianist Sviatoslav Richter.

Songs By Franz Schubert

Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (baritone), Sviatoslav Richter (piano)

Thus, the word ensemble means and consistency of performance, the common understanding of the works of all its performers.

Music dictionary in stories
Printed materials of the eponymous book by L. Mikheeva (Moscow, "Soviet composer", 1984)

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