Sounds Overture-Fantasia Tchaikovsky's "Francesca da Rimini". He abusively in the orchestra hellish vortex, and in smoldering silence is heard the sad singing clarinet solo. This is the story of Francesca about her tragic fate.
The clarinet is one of the most melodious and virtuoso woodwind instruments. Its range is from d (sometimes d flat) small octave to the La - b-flat third octave is divided into several sections (registers), having different voices. The lower notes of the clarinet dark, medium, matte, dull, high - bright and clear. The best sounds of the clarinet - a sharp, piercing even. In accordance with the character of the music composers use one or the other register of the instrument.
The possibilities of the clarinet are very large. He is available and expressive singing, and brilliant virtuoso passages. He can play is barely audible, and the lightest pianissimo, but can hit a strong full sound. "The story" Tchaikovsky Francesca instructed the clarinet, playing with the case, his soft, deep voice reminiscent of the sound of the human voice. And at the beginning of Tchaikovsky's Fifth Symphony two clarinet in the low register sing a mournful melody that due to the low voice sounds clarinet creates a dark, sinister impression.
There are several varieties of the clarinet. In addition to the main, there is a small clarinet with the band for a quart higher than normal, characterized by shrill sound, and the bass clarinet, which sounds an octave lower than usual. The timbre of the bass clarinet juicy, fresh, and in the low register gloomy, morose.