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Music dictionary in the stories. Letter

SOPRANO

Do you know the tale of the snow maiden? It was written by Russian playwright A. N. Ostrovsky, and composer N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov created on the basis of an Opera. The snow Maiden - a fragile, delicate daughter of Frost and Spring, he ordered a high, bright and silvery, like the bell, the voice - coloratura soprano. Coloratura soprano is the highest and mobile female voice. Coloratura he called because easily takes the different vocal ornaments - coloratura. The delicate ornamentation of the melody wonderfully conveys a fabulous way. Coloratura in the party Maiden associated with singing birds, companions of the spring, with merry March Capel, with the cheerful murmur of streams.

N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov. Snow Maiden's Aria from the Opera "the snow maiden" (prologue)
Takes Elizaveta Shumskaya
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For coloratura soprano written a lot of different parties. Earlier composers were attracted to it the brilliance and virtuosity, the opportunity to fulfill brilliant passages. Then, in the nineteenth century, began to pay more attention to expressive singing.

Antonina Nezhdanova
Antonina Nezhdanova

The character of the sound coloratura soprano allows you to create a playful, capricious images, such as Lyudmila in "Ruslan and Ludmila" by Glinka, Zerlina in "don Giovanni" by Mozart.

Often coloratura soprano charge of the party fairy - tale characters-Princess-Swan in "the Tale of Tsar Saltan by Rimsky-Korsakov. Queen of Shemakha in his "the Golden Cockerel". Sometimes a large number of coloratura ornaments composer wants to make the sound of voices to the timbre of the instrument, to emphasize its cold Shine. This tool was used Mozart, creating an image of a witch - Queen of the Night in the Opera "the Magic flute".

The most common among singers lyric soprano - soft, light voice. For it is written Tatiana in "Eugene Onegin" by Tchaikovsky, Natasha in "War and peace" by Prokofiev, Tamara in "the Demon" Rubinstein - party, which is dominated by features of lyricism, warmth.

Maria Callas
Maria Callas

Often there is also another kind of soprano dramatic, strong and bright. Composers give such a voice heroines with strong-willed characters, often with dramatic fate. Heroines, suffering, fighting for their happiness, and sometimes dying in this fight. These are Natasha in "mermaid" Dargomyzhsky, Lisa in "the Queen of spades" by Tchaikovsky.

There are voices that combine different qualities, for example, lyric-coloratura or lyric-dramatic soprano. Singer with such voices can sing different parties. Choose them for those who are more comfortable voice, similar in the way. Wonderful lyric-coloratura soprano had a great Russian singer Antonina V. Nezhdanova. You can now hear it in the recording on the disc.

Voice of Italian singers-soprano bright tone, great saturation, depth of sound. The famous Italian soprano was Amelita Galli-Curci. After her departure from the scene title "first soprano in the world" challenged each other Renata Tebaldi and Maria Callas.

The soprano range from up to the first octave up to the third octave.

The range of the soprano
The soprano range

Music dictionary in stories
Printed materials of the eponymous book by L. Mikheeva (Moscow, "Soviet composer", 1984)

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