"Andante Cantabile", "Andante, favori". Maybe you ever had to hear these words? Yes, and in other combinations the word Andanteprobably met you. Along with Allegro, this is one of the most common in the music pace (Italian word andante means running current). It is similar in speed quiet step. This rate written many medium, lyrical in nature, parts of symphonic cycles, sonatas and quartets. Thus, the "Andante Cantabile", that is, "the lilting Andante" is the name of the slow movement of the Quartet of Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, based on the Russian folk song "Sat Vanya".
P. I. Tchaikovsky. String Quartet No. 1.
Part II. Andante cantabile
"Andante, favori" means "Favorite Andante". It is the work of Beethoven. The composer wrote it as a slow part of the famous Sonata "Appassionata", but when I finished the Sonata, made sure it was beautiful music, "doesn't fit" in Sonata cycle, as too significant, weighty and very stretched so big, profound Sonata. So for Appassionata" Beethoven had composed another slow part, much shorter. And "Andante, favori" (otherwise referred to as just Andante in f major - in tone, in which it sounds) came to be performed as a separate, independent work.
Ludwig van Beethoven. Andante favori (f major), WoO57
There are other pieces, called simply "Andante". The authors give them this name, when ad hoc piece written in tempo Andante.