The first known women scientists of antiquity is Hypatia (370-415). According to the description of historians, Hypatia was a woman of extraordinary beauty and great intelligence. She was born in Egypt, in Alexandria, he received his education under the guidance of his father, Theon of Alexandria. Hypatia wrote many works on algebra and geometry, was fond of mechanics and technique; she was invited to Alexandria to teach philosophy and mathematics.
Raphael Santi. A fragment of the painting "the school of Athens"
In the middle of the slice depicted Hypatia
Lectures she read in front of a big audience. The fame of it spread far beyond Alexandria. To bow to the female philosopher and mathematician from all over the Roman Empire flocked scientists to join the source of beauty and intelligence. Poets have composed about her poems. The historian Socrates Scholastic wrote about it:
"She acquired such a degree of scholarship that has surpassed the modern philosophers themselves, was the successor to the Platonic school, which took place from Plato, who taught all philosophical science. Therefore wanted to study philosophy flocked to it from all sides. By his education, with decent respect, self-confidence, it is with humility appeared even in the face of rulers, and in fact did not put any shame in what was among men, for her extraordinary modesty all respected her and admired her."
Jules Maurice Gaspar (Jules Maurice Gaspard)
Hypatia from Alexandria(1908)
The work of Hypatia, unfortunately, has not survived. However, many scholars have referred to them in his writings. It is well known that Hypatia wrote detailed comments on the theory of conic sections of Apollonius PERMSKOGO and algebraic writings of Diophantus of Alexandria, and also created a number of works on philosophy and astronomy.
Argue that of Hypatia belongs the honor of the invention of the hydrometer - an instrument for determining the density of the liquid, the astrolabe is an instrument for determining latitude and longitude in astronomy and planisphere - image of the celestial sphere on a plane, on which you can calculate the sunrise and sunset of the heavenly bodies.
Hypatia died as a result of political strife: she was brutally murdered a crowd of Egyptian Christians, supporters of Cyril of Alexandria - an ardent fighter against pagans and Jews, which was later canonized and numbered among the Church Fathers. In the Life of Saint Cyril of Alexandria" the death of Hypatia presents a totally different way than it actually was:
"Lived in Alexandria one girl by the name of Ipatov, daughter of the philosopher Theon. She was a woman, a believer, and virtuous, and, differing Christian wisdom, spent their days in purity and innocence, observing celibacy. From her youth she was trained by his father Pheonom philosophy, and so successful in the love of wisdom that surpassed all philosophers who lived in those times as informed about it sisinius, Bishop ptolemaidsky 20 and Suida praising her many praises. She married and did not want to leave, partly from a desire to freely practice the love of wisdom and the study of books, but in particular she kept her virginity for love to Christ. In Alexandria from everywhere flocked all lovers of wisdom, in order to see the wise virgin to Ipatov and hear its reasonable speech, so she was a teacher of many. She was revered all spiritual and worldly power, worshipped also the entire nation, and many resorted to her, seeking her wise counsel".
Responsible for the deaths of ipati the authors life lay on the "hate the world rebels":
"One day, when Ipatov was coming from somewhere on his car to his home, all the world-hating rebels attacked her and, pulling out of the car, tore at her clothes and beat her to death."
The name of Hypatia named a crater on the moon or large asteroid 238, opened in 1884.
Rachel Weisz in the role of Hypatia in the movie "Agora" (2009),
dedicated to Hypatia of Alexandria