Many Twoness I consoled myself with the thought that albert Einstein was a great physicist, author of the famous theory of relativity, Nobel laureate (by the way, the Nobel prize he received not for this theory, and the study of the photoelectric effect) in childhood was also a slacker.
But is this true?
Better than any words the facts speak. So, before you Abitur albert Einstein received in the cantonal school in Aarau (Switzerland) in September 1896 at the age of 17 (marks exhibited on a six-point system).
German - 5
As you can see, Einstein shone in the exact Sciences, and other subjects had a decent evaluation. The highest score received on history, algebra, trigonometry, geometry and physics. On other subjects assessment is a bit more modest. The lowest score - 3 was obtained to them in French. However, during a visit to Jerusalem in 1923 he freely gave a lecture in French. Not certified Einstein was only in English, and this fact has hampered his life, when in 1933 he moved to the United States.
Whence, then, did the myth about the poor academic performance of genius?
Albert Einstein in 1893, at the age of 14 years
The fact that the school (Witoldowka gymnasium in Munich) albert Einstein really was not one of the first disciples (although with mathematics, Latin and physics he never had problems). The reason for this was the thinking of the future Nobel laureate. He did not tolerate authoritarian attitude of teachers towards the students, the atmosphere in the gymnasium, close to the military. "Teachers of Junior classes behave as feldfebel, and senior classes as lieutenants," recalled Einstein later. "I despise those who gladly keeps the story on the music lesson - the brain given to them by mistake. Would be quite enough and spinal cord!" "he wrote. The student did not hide his aversion to the teachers, and it was mutual. One of the teachers told him, "How it would be great when you finally leave school. On objection of Einstein that he had done nothing wicked, he explained: "Your presence and indifferent attitude to everything, what we teach in class, undermines the reputation of the whole school."
In addition, in the sixth grade school in Alberta had a serious problem with some of the teachers due to the fact that he constantly demanded evidence of religion and chose freedom’. Such scepticism was rare in those days and were not encouraged, especially in the educational institution of this type.
Thus, the "bad" student, Einstein was only in the sense of behavior in terms of a paramilitary school system, which boiled down to mechanical cramming ("I was ready to endure any punishment, not to teach to the memory of incoherent nonsense"). But this is only another proof of the extraordinary nature of the personality of the future Nobel laureate. Meanwhile, he was alone, he was fond of reading. From childhood Einstein later recalled as the most powerful: "the Beginning" of Euclid and "Critique of pure reason" I. Kant. In addition, at the initiative of the mother he was six years old he started to play the violin. The passion for music remained in Einstein throughout life. Being in the USA in Princeton, in 1934, Einstein gave a charity concert in favour emigrated from Nazi Germany scientists and artists, where he played on the violin by Mozart.
A significant role in creating the myth about Einstein-the losers also played a fault in one of the earliest biographers of genius, which confused the Swiss grading system with the German.
So, dear losers, it is not necessary to justify their laziness and lack of diligence tales of the fact that the study was poorly given to the author of the strange theory in the world is pure fiction. To get closer to Einstein, first try to go to some "five" in mathematics or to understand anything in the writings of Immanuel Kant.
By the way...
Here it is necessary to dispel another myth from the same series: that Einstein failed the final exam, and passed him only the second time. This will tell you more about the history of the reception of the certificate, a copy of which is given on this page.
Actually Einstein left school, not receiving the certificate, for the reasons disclosed above.
The father of the young man insisted that he threw out of my head all this philosophical nonsense" and thought about how to get a sensible profession; he was inclined to the engineering field, since the son was so much interested in mathematics and physics. Father had to follow. The family Council it was decided to send albert in technical educational institution. Moreover, it was necessary to choose the same one where teaching was conducted in his native German. Germany was excluded albert was going to abandon German citizenship, so as not to serve in the army, which was called at the age of 17. Outside Germany, the highest fame enjoyed by the Zurich Polytechnic Institute (Polytechnic), and Einstein went there in the autumn of 1895, although for admission he didn't have 2 years to put 18.
If we are to believe his own memoirs, specialty, which was chosen for his parents, so he didn't like that he almost never studied those subjects that he was not interested in botany, Zoology, foreign languages. Accordingly, he passed almost the worst of all students, although excelled in the examinations in mathematics and physics. Played a role, and no high-school diploma: received him not. However, the Director of the Institute, amazed mathematical erudition boys, gave him good advice: finish one of the Swiss secondary school diploma and a year later again attempt to enter the Institute. He recommended the cantonal school in the small town of Aarau as the most advanced and teaching methods, and teachers. Albert did so, and in September of the following year he successfully passed all final examinations, and in October of 1896 was passed in the Polytechnic school at the faculty of education without examination.