Lately, the topic of the impending Apocalypse has never been fashionable around and then heard the dark voice of the prophets who predict the imminent end of the world, referring to the ancient Mayan calendar. They say, in 2012, a terrible natural disaster should wipe out all life from the face of the Earth.
Should I believe such claims? What are they based on?
The root cause of such pessimistic forecasts became the Mayan calendar. This long-vanished civilization until the IX century ruled on the territory of present-day Mexico and parts of Central America. Like any other religion, the religion of the Maya created their own picture of the world in accordance with its inherent beliefs and convictions. History of the Maya were divided into five successive stages, called "cycles long account. We live in the fourth cycle of the Mayan calendar. Its beginning is marked precisely - August 13, 3113 years before our era, and it will be finished, according to the estimates of Maya priests, exactly 18 720 000 days. That is 21 December 2012.
According to some interpreters of the Mayan calendar, this day does not promise us anything good. The earth, they say, waits a whole series of natural disasters: earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions. However, these horrors predict modern interpreters calendar! We do not know how interpreted the events of that day themselves priests of the Maya: the written historical evidence about this we don't have.
However, if we turn to ancient mythology, it immediately becomes clear reason for this fear: the transition from the third cycle to the fourth, according to the tradition of the Indians, passed painfully. In the myths says that all living then people were destroyed by cruel gods and replaced by a new human race - our, much more respectful to the same gods. That's why those who believed that December 21, 2012, and believed that fateful date means the repetition of this scenario.
Of course, all of this is nonsense! You can imagine what force must be a disaster to kill 6.5 billion people? Time sleeping volcanoes, hundreds of simultaneous earthquakes around the world... all in one day! For geophysicists, which are long and closely monitoring our planet, this turn of events, it is pure nonsense.
Recently, the legend of the end of the world according to the Mayan calendar aligns with the hoax, which has been launched in the light of science fiction and pseudo scholar Zechariah Sitchin. In his book "the 12th planet", published in 1976, the year he wrote, if found, unknown to official science Sumerian manuscripts and they say about the planet Nibiru, which revolves around our Sun, but to make a full circle, it requires as many as 3600 earth years, so still no one could see. It was claimed that Nibiru huge - 4 times more Land. Argued that in 2012, the planet Nibiru should stalments with the Earth, and it will be the end of the world.
The claim that Nibiru is a planet, which was opened by the Sumerians, were born out of speculation and assumptions of the same Sitchin, based on nothing. Astronomers do not see in the sky is nothing like that. But if Nibiru existed in the form in which it appears in the predictions and supposedly represents a danger to the Earth in 2012, elfp in early 2012, it could be easily seen in the telescope. Nibiru is an invention of pure water. With the modern development of astrophysics is no "invisible" or "unopened" 10th planet in our system can not be.
"Nothing of the kind! - objection American Daniel Pinchbeck, a staunch supporter of apocalyptic theory. In his published book "2012: the Return of Quetzalcoatl" says that this tragic destiny of mankind cataclysm will be called a rare astronomical phenomenon: the Sun, Earth and the center of the milky Way Galaxy will line up in one line. According to Pinchbeck and other supporters of this forecast, this cosmic parade will lead to the weakening of the magnetic field of our planet. As a result, the North pole will be on the South and Vice versa. More than enough, he argues that the world's climate has changed dramatically and caused natural disasters.
Indeed, a similar scenario has already happened millions of years ago in the geological history of our planet, when the pole shift was accompanied by a sharp temperature drop on the Ground. But this argument does not convince geophysicists. For professionals we are talking about a simple coincidence. After cooling for three hundred cases of pole shift that happened over 200 million last years of existence of the Earth, was observed only one time!
In short, the conclusions of Pinchbeck is either a joke or a deliberate deception! The more that promised "parade", which frighten us, does not involve anything supernatural, as happens every year around December 21. Therefore, you can breathe easy!
However, the false prophets are undaunted. And put up another version of the end of the world. In their opinion, the weakening of the magnetic field will lead to the destruction of life on Earth, as a planet will lose its natural shield. The deadly rays of the Sun, constantly bombarding the Earth, will not meet the usual obstacles in their path that will lead to mass destruction of living beings, first of all - people.
But here the arguments of the pessimists do not withstand scrutiny. 780 thousand years ago, there was a decrease in the intensity of Earth's magnetic field, which resulted in a change of the magnetic poles. However, judging by the fact that we are discussing this issue, our ancestors, Homo erectus, who lived at that time on the planet, had not suffered.
How many of them already, theories imminent end of the world, in the history of mankind! Promised all sorts of misfortunes in 1999 and 2000, and where are they? Where will be the talk of 2012, on a shelf of fairy tales and horror stories!