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Unless there are sea? Normal - no. And then, which will be discussed, only one in the world. And first saw him by none other than himself Christopher Columbus during his first voyage across the Atlantic ocean, which culminated in the discovery of the New world.

...Coming out of the Spanish port Palaia, three caravels of Columbus quickly reached the Canary Islands, has long been mastered by the Spaniards. Then, on September 6, 1492, a small flotilla moved upon the waters of the Atlantic on the West. Ahead was a complete unknown.

The first three days because of the small wind caravels were moving very slowly. Then the wind rose, and the ship flew forward, as if on the wings. September 16, sailors began to see in the water a lot tufts of green grass. Columbus was then recorded in his personal diary: "As can be judged by the way it looks, this grass has only recently been separated from the earth". The great Admiral considered it as a happy omen - shore "Indies"that he was looking for, it seemed, already near. Embarrassed, however, that the lot is not reached bottom, and near the earth is supposed to be rather shallow.

But the wind soon dropped and the speed of the caravels fell. And the grass in the sea water became more and more some time all around seemed to be a solid carpet of her. None of the mariners never and nowhere have never seen anything like it. Then a few days reigned almost complete calm. September 23, 1492 Columbus has made in his diary the following entry: "as the sea was calm and smooth, people began to murmur, saying that the sea's so strange and never will blow the winds that would help them to return to Spain."

Amazing was the fact that the compass needle stopped to point to the North star, shifted a few degrees to the Northwest. And one night over the caravels swept as a bad sign, "fire arrow" and fell into this mysterious carpet of floating grass.

And yet misadventures of Columbus ended safely. He managed to persuade the sailors to go, and caravels had finally left behind an amazing water, covered with grass. October 12, 1492, the lookout saw the shore was one of the Bahamas. Then Columbus came into the Caribbean sea, where they found a huge land - Cuba and Haiti...

So the New world was discovered, full of gold and all kinds of miracles, like extraordinary people with red skin - Indians, strange plants and animals. This is the most important geographical achievement, of course, eclipsed the associated opening of the great Admiral extraordinary sea in the Atlantic ocean, located between 23 - 25° North latitude and 30 - 68° West longitude - sea without shores and almost entirely covered with floating vegetation.

However, in its waters appeared reluctant new ships coming to the New world. This is an amazing place in the Atlantic dubbed the Sargasso sea from the Spanish word "sargazo", which means "focus". And this strange sea quickly began to grow ill fame.

Quickly figured out that the grass is nothing like floating seaweed. But the accumulation of them in one place and in such huge numbers seemed to mariners bad omen. What unknown force brought them together? Moreover, in the center of the SAR-gasova sea very often was a complete calm. The long ships had to stand with drooping sails. It seemed to them tenaciously holds, not wanting to let go, this continuous carpet of yellow, green and brown algae. Many sailors were afraid that will never move and will die of hunger and thirst.

But over decades in these waters really started to see ships without crews, wrapped in seaweed, but still keeping afloat. Sometimes, to the horror of the superstitious sailors, they saw prignuvshis to each other lost ships of different eras. In the end, the secrets of the Sargasso sea began to inspire novelists, it is enough to recall the famous "Island of lost ships" Alexander Belyaev.

But, the more people learned about the seas and oceans, the less I become mysteries. This is what happened in the Sargasso sea. Already by the nineteenth century, scientists knew that he also has shore, only quite different from the usual. Better, of course, to call them are not shores and borders. They formed a warm currents - the Gulf stream, which originates in the Florida Strait. On the path of the Gulf stream along the East coast of North America depart from it flows, one of which goes in a circle, inside of which lies the Sargasso sea.

In the same XIX century in school geography textbooks have already been provided and a clear explanation of why the RAA-gasova sea formed a huge accumulation of algae. "If in a container of water to dip the pieces of cork or any floating body and let the water in the vessel circular motion, we can see that the scattered pieces of the tube will be connected in the center of the vessel, in other words, in a very quiet place. Imagine that the vessel Atlantic ocean, the circular course of the Gulf stream, and the center where it joins the floating body, the Sargasso sea".

In short, for many centuries, the Gulf stream gathered in one place algae that mainland rivers carried into the Atlantic ocean. And not only algae, but the trunks of trees, and other mainland garbage. With the development of navigation to it were added and the ships, the victims of the disaster and abandoned by their crews, but kept buoyancy. The course also gave them in the Sargasso sea, and, of course, over the centuries these ships became more and more...

Has an explanation of the reason why the compass of Columbus deviated from the North star. Otherwise it could not be in these places, because it is relatively close to Sargasso-VA sea is the North magnetic pole. And the description of "fire arrows", flying over the caravels, resembles quite common - the fall of a meteor.

And yet, the special glory of the Sargasso sea remains in our days. Not least because it is not somewhere, and in the area of the famous Bermuda triangle, the mystery of which excite the imagination of many people. In addition, just under the Sargasso sea at the bottom of the ocean may lie killed the legendary land of Atlantis...


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2014-03-19 17:30:35
super thanks
2013-12-22 10:46:02
very interesting
Pavlovets Victoria
2013-09-29 21:00:41
just class
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