In ancient times used a mixture of glue, soot and water. Such ink resembled ink, which is perfectly preserved on parchment and did not burn out. Later came the ink bluish-green color, which was achieved by adding copper sulphate, and red. Red ink has acquired its color due to the addition of the dye purple.
Prototypes of the pen were rods-aside for writing on wet clay, which was used in ancient Assyria, and pointed sticks-stylosa from Ancient Greece and Rome. Later for writing on papyrus began to use an ordinary quill pen, which had very often to dip in the ink. Quality of written largely depended on how it was cropped and sharpened pen.