Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov was called the oaks "time of the century". Mighty oak invokes ideas about power, power and longevity. Until now lived ancient oaks, Dating back even to hundreds and thousands of years!
In 2009, in North America, scientists have discovered the oldest tree on earth. He turned out to be oak Palmer (Quercus palmeri), the age of which is estimated at 13000 years. This shrubby species of oak. Conclusion about his age, scientists have made after he found that all the trees found in population was the result of asexual reproduction, i.e. they can be considered as one plant.
The old oak tree on Earth
Not far from the old town Palestine - Hebron is the sacred tree of Christians - the oak of Mamre (also referred to as the Palestinian Oak, the Oak of Abraham). According to the Bible, which Abraham received God's revelation about the Holy Trinity. This oak tree, believed to be around 5000 years old! He is known for the legends of Christians, Jews and Muslims, which referred to the oak of Mamre. Actually, Mamre oak - all that is left of this oak.
The oak of Mamre in the beginning of XX century
According to Orthodox tradition, still alive Palestinian oak, will not be the end of the world. Alas, oak already withered! It happened... in 1997 (the last time a green leaf on it was seen in 1996). The death of the oak brought the pilgrims who mercilessly fleeced him of his bark and branches on the memory, as a mascot. But in 1998, around the trunk of a dead Patriarch appeared young shoot! Now its height is 20 cm
The oak of Mamre. Photo 2008
Russian Forester F. Medvedev in 1899 reported that in Ardennes (France) in 1824 lumberjacks cut down a giant oak tree and a huge hole found remains of sacrificial vessels and coins shamkirskoy chasing. French botanist decandolle after a series of measurements and calculations have determined that oak 2400 years. Archaeologists have confirmed that the items found in oak, belong to the time of the invasion of the barbarians.
In another French city - St until recently grew one of the oldest oaks in Europe. Crown it rose to a height of 20 meters and the circumference of the barrel reached 9 meters. According to legend, in his shadow after a hard hike rested soldiers of Caesar. Believe that the age of the oak reached 1800-2000 years.
The oldest oak in Europe is growing in the East of Lithuania, near the village Stelae. It was called the "Salmaise old man". Dendrologists has determined that it is about 2000 years. Diameter of 2.7 meters and the crown reaches a height of 25 meters. "Salmaise oak" taken under protection by the state in 1960. In his trunk was a huge hole where it could fit a few people. It is threatened by the death of the tree. The hollow thoroughly cleaned from dust (to export it took a few flights truck), then disinfected and all holes "patched" brass plates.
In Armenia, on the slope of the mountain dur-Cap near the village of Lower Agdan, in 1974 died of old oak, which was more than 1520 years. The circumference of the trunk at the base was 10 meters. According to legend, he was imprisoned famed Armenian commander Vardan Mamikonian after the victory over the Persian forces in 451 or the year 449 ad.
In the city of Ladushkin Kaliningrad region living witness of the great battles of the crusaders of the Teutonic order with the Polish and Russian-Lithuanian troops in 1410 - "Grunwald oak". He more than 800 years.
Dnipro on the island of Khortytsya grows "Zaporozhye oak" - the Patriarch of the oaks of Ukraine, the National tree of Ukraine. According to legend, under the oak Cossacks wrote a letter to the Turkish Sultan in 1676, and in 1648 under it rested Bogdan Khmelnitsky, urging his Cossacks to be as strong and powerful as oak. The tree height of 36 meters, the circumference of the barrel - 6,32 m, and the diameter of the crown - 43 m (before he reached 64 meters)! In 1953, he decided to determine the age of this giant. Hardly sawed off one of the branches, cut off from her ring, polished and calculated annual rings - they were 675. However, the forestry experts claim that up to 25 years old oak tree grows very slowly and does not form annual rings. In this case, this symbol of the Zaporozhian Sich for about 750 years.
This was "Zaporozhye oak" in 1987
And here is how it looks now
However, Zaporozhye oak" - a young man compared to the old oak Ukraine, growing near the village Stuzhytsa in Transcarpathia. Him about 1300 years.
In Russia the old oak tree is considered the tree, which grows in the Lipetsk region in the Park village Horse-Well (Hlevenskogo district). Specialists of the Voronezh state Academy of forestry engineering has established that it is about 430 years.