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GREAT COMPOSERS

DMITRY SHOSTAKOVICH

(1906-1975)

D. D. Shostakovich
Dmitry Shostakovich

When the world Peace Council awarded the International peace prize - it means that this man is a fighter for the happiness of millions of people. His immense love for people, concern for them, faith in their good will, all hating warmongers revealed to people in a passionate, restless and surprisingly young music silent, shy and extremely friendly people - great Soviet composer Dmitry Shostakovich.

In the terrible winter of forty-first year of Dmitry Shostakovich lived in the besieged Leningrad. During the siege, in the hours free from duty on the roof of the house, he composed the famous Seventh Symphony. The Symphony was announced to the world about the insidious attack of the Nazis in the Soviet country, their cruelty, sorrow and suffering of millions of people. The Symphony was aroused in the hearts of anger, strengthen the will to win. Light painting - memories of a peaceful and joyful life work; and the smoke of fires, severe appearance of the city-hero and courageous impulse to struggle, to fight. Gust stronger, louder melody of victory, the more confident she breaks through calming theme of the Nazi invasion. In March 1942, through the roar of artillery and the roar of the bombs, radio broadcast from besieged Leningrad heroic Symphony by Shostakovich. But after some time one of the best conductors in the world, the anti-fascist Arturo Toscanini appeared in the "Leningrad" Symphony in the United States. The score of the Symphony was rushed to new York for a combat aircraft.

"Country artists which in these grim days, create works of immortal beauty and high spirit, invincible!" wrote one newspaper in the review of the Seventh Symphony.

D. Shostakovich. Symphony No. 7 "Leningrad".
Part 1.

 

Born Dmitri Shostakovich in 1906. A gifted boy was twelve years old, when he entered the Petrograd Conservatory. It was in 1918. He perfectly mastered the technique of piano playing and was surprised by experienced musicians freshness and originality of his compositions. The famous "Three fantastic dances for piano Shostakovich wrote when he was sixteen years old. To final exams at the Conservatory, the young man wrote the First Symphony - young, cheerful, energetic. She brought Dmitry Shostakovich wide popularity.

The young composer worked, ensuring that his music was richer, more expressive, understandable to people. Happened, he turned from the right way - then his experiments were bewildered, distressed music lovers. But mistakes and failures were growing pains, mugane talent.

The fifth Symphony, which appeared in 1937, stunned the audience with the depth of feeling and life-affirming force. Sharing his impressions with the readers of the magazine "Soviet music", a famous Soviet pilot Mikhail Gromov wrote about the new composition of Shostakovich: "the Idea of a Symphony by overcoming loneliness and suffering to joy and isauthorized clearly and convincingly comes to listener".

Hot protest composer against evil, against the war felt in his tragic Eighth Symphony, in many instrumental pieces, choral works.

The great master of chamber and symphonic music, D. D. Shostakovich created a lot of bright and varied choral works, songs, enthusiastically worked on the music for films, even wrote the operetta "Moscow, Cheryomushki". Widely known for his music for the film "meeting on the Elbe". "Song of peace" from this film sang people in many languages in different cities and countries as well as in the early thirties sang cheerful, smiling song Shostakovich from the movie "Counter":

We met a cool morning,
Us wind meets the river.
Curly, what are you not happy
Fun singing tone?
Don't sleep, get up, curly!
In the shops ringing,
The country rises to glory
Meet day!

The young composer was stepped up with the youth of his country. The composer's music reflects the life of his homeland.

The song of the counter
The Music Of Shostakovich, Words Cornilov

 

His oratorio the song of the forests" and the cantata "the Motherland Pasha sun shines dedicated to the prosperity of the country, won the war, glorify the heroism of the Soviet people and the greatness of their employment feat.

In the fifties, the composer turned to the history of the Russian revolution of 1905, he created an interesting series "Ten poems" for mixed choir a Cappella. Not without ' excitement to listen to these poems about heroes-revolutionaries, demonstrations and rallies, the shooting of workers on 9 January, the uprising on the battleship "Potemkin".

The first Russian revolution of D. D. Shostakovich dedicated and Eleventh Symphony is the first programmatic Symphony. The title of the Symphony: "1905"; name parts: "Palace square", "9 January", "Eternal memory", "Alarm". With amazing sensitivity used by the composer in this Symphony of the famous revolutionary song "You fell victim" and "Besotes, Tirana". Powerfully revealed a picture of the struggle of the oppressed masses for freedom, making the main hero of the people. Symphony "the year 1905" was awarded the Lenin prize.

Shostakovich lot rabotat, he was always at work, never parted with musical images. But not a single work was busy this modest, silent, and not very strong-looking man. For many years his talent and knowledge Shostakovich gave young composers, as a Professor at the Leningrad and Moscow conservatories. He was a Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, a prominent public figure, active fighter for peace.


Great composers

Reprinted from the book N. Kolosova Hello music!" (Moscow, Molodaya Gvardiya, 1964)

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Luba
2014-05-28 16:15:23
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