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GREAT COMPOSERS

SERGEI SERGEYEVICH PROKOFIEV

(1891-1953)

S. S. Prokofiev
Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev

"The Chairman of the globe from the music section of the Chairman of the globe from the poetry section. Prokofiev - Mayakovsky".

Mayakovsky was joking, as always, feel free, fun, loud. He made this sign on the copy of the poem "War and peace" and gave it to Sergei Prokofiev. They were almost the same age and came to life on the eve of the great October revolution. They both were looking for new ways. Mayakovsky - in poetry, Prokofiev - music. Failures, errors, abuse critics, the indignation of the audience didn't stop them. Search, self-righteous certitude brought victory. But they went to the tops of the art in different ways.

Sergei Prokofiev was five years old when he began to compose music. First teacher was his mother, then he gave lessons composer R. M. Glier. In thirteen years, he was ready to enter the Conservatory on the composition faculty. "The entrance exam. -- recalls Prokofiev, -- was quite impressive. I walked, bent under the weight of two folders, which were four operas, two sonatas, a Symphony and a lot of piano pieces. "I like it!" said Rimsky-Korsakov, who led the exam.

Music theory and composition at the Conservatory taught the boy the famous Russian composer, Lyadov, complex art of orchestration itself is N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov.

The years went by. The boy grew up, spread his wings, all but showed his voice. He already narrow were the usual boundaries of the old classics. I wanted a new one.

Anxious lived in Russia after the defeat of the 1905 revolution. Among the Russian intelligentsia noticeably increased mood of despondency, disillusionment with the revolution. About boundless melancholy, of resignation from life writing poets, gloomy mood was increasingly heard in the music and literature of the time. Weak spirit was afraid of the storm, tried to go away from her to hide in the tiny little world of their experiences.

But the young Prokofiev felt that somewhere there are people who do not indulge in melancholy and despondency. Vigorous, strong, they were eager to fight with the old world. One of them daring rebel Mayakovsky. His poems were breaking the norm. It's fun to "fight" for new poetry, poetry coming revolution.

Sergei Prokofiev was not a soldier of the revolution. But he had a desire in a loud voice to scream about the approach of the new storm, and he wanted to get involved in the running of the new time. He wrote music bright, cheerful, lively. His unusual intonation, unexpected rhythms, expressive musical images, sharp features used were discouraged students. The first and Second piano concertos, the Second and Third sonatas and other pieces for piano - all of these early works by Prokofiev burst into Russian music turbulent flow. He immediately was struck with the fury of the newspaper critics. It was called "football" by the composer, wrote that the music of his "hits the skull". The audience bewildered met its opening. The composer did not give up. In 1914 he wrote a poem for voice and piano "the Ugly duckling" (Andersen).

...The sun's shining, green oats, shiny, mirror-like lakes often in the thick of the big forest. Big world is much more like the eggshell from which newly hatched ducklings. In the poultry yard, where they had taken their duck-mother, the noise and DIN. Brood accepted in society, all but one of the biggest and clumsy gray duck. He was not like the others. "It would be good to change it," said the old duck. "He's ugly but he has a good heart, and floats even better than others," defended baby duck-mother. But ducks, chickens, turkeys pecked, pushed, showered ridicule grey duckling...

S. Prokofiev. "The ugly duckling". Poem for voice and piano
 
Sings N. L. Dorliak, piano - ST Richter

When Maxim Gorky heard agitated poem Prokofiev, he said, "That he himself wrote.

Were in this music and sadness, and a mockery of stupidity and self-righteousness, and joy young, spreads its wings and rose above those who chased and pecked.

In 1909 - eighteen - Sergei Prokofiev received the diploma of the composer. In 1914 he graduated from the Conservatory as a pianist and conductor. For the performance of the First piano Concerto at the final examination the composer was awarded the name of Anton Rubinstein's concert Grand piano.

Started independent life: a bold creative pursuits, tours, concerts, brings success. In these years the composer was very keen theatre - wrote the ballet and Opera music. From ballet music was born then the famous "Scythian Suite", which again stirred the audience and critics.

Young Prokofiev was very brave. Nobody ever tried to write music to prose Dostoevsky. Prokofiev chose for his first Opera complex psychological novel of Dostoevsky's "the Gambler". Having decided to make "Player" sharp dramatic musical performance, Prokofiev boldly broke the traditional Opera of the frame. He walked by Dargomyzhsky and Mussorgsky. In "the Player" was not arias, was not separate orchestral numbers. The composer has subjected the music text of Dostoevsky. Opera demanded performers not only well placed votes, but also high artistic skill. It is many years prevented its production on the stage. Only recently - in the spring of 1963 - "the Gambler" Opera was first performed in our country in concert chorus and orchestra of all-Union radio.

In 1917, Prokofiev wrote the Fourth piano Sonata, the First Concerto for violin and orchestra, "Classical"Symphony, piano miniatures, including his famous "Fleeting". In these works has affected a very attractive side of the talent of the composer: emotional warmth, lyricism, joyful Outlook on life, humor.

When did the Great October revolution, Sergei Prokofiev was standing far away from politics. He was preparing for a tour abroad. "In vain one wise man said: "You run away from events, and events will not forgive you this: when you return, you will not understand", - says the composer. - I did not heed his words and 7 may 1918 hit the road for a few months, as I thought".

He returned only in the early thirties. Living abroad, the composer continued to work for the theater. It is a fun tale "the Love for three oranges" was in theaters in America, Europe, and later in the Soviet Union. As always, he was looking for in the new music, fresh paint, invent, invented, made opening. What young, modern, for example, steel in his music old dancing the Gavotte, minuet!

There were failures. Prokofiev tried to tell in the ballet "Steel jumps" about the Soviet Union. Thunder and gnashing orchestra was to give a swift jerk of the young Republic to technical progress. And the ballet has not stood the test of time.

In 1939, creating an Opera about the civil war "Semyon Kotko," based on the novel Century Kataeva, "I am the son of the working people, Prokofiev found "other sounds". Return gave new life to the creativity of the composer. All that was best in the early works of Prokofiev, joyful Outlook on life, intimacy, soft lyricism, now with increasing force was opened in his new works. And, Vice versa, all superfluous, incidental, that there were often from overuse of search, the composer threw.

Appeared ballets "Romeo and Juliet", "Cinderella", "the Tale of the stone flower", the Opera "Semyon Kotko, "betrothal in a monastery", "the Story of a real man". And finally, a favorite brainchild of composer's Opera "War and peace". Above it, he worked for many years. It is his love for his Homeland, his admiration for the heroism of the Russian people, meditation on the fate of folk, his passionate excitement, soft lyricism, warmth, sincerity.

S. Prokofiev. The ballet "Romeo and Juliet". The final

One of the most famous works of Prokofiev - music for the film "Alexander Nevsky". This music became a major participant in the film about the great love of the Russian people to their homeland, their selfless struggle with the cruel invaders - the Teutonic knights, the glorious victory over the enemy. Music of the film became the basis of a cantata for chorus and orchestra "Alexander Nevsky". When the German Nazis in 1941 came to our land, the famous chorus from cantata "Arise, Russian people" was the name of the Soviet people to protect the homeland.

S. Prokofiev. The Cantata "Alexander Nevsky". Part 4. "Arise, Russian people"
 

"Our music aims to inspire the human mind and confidence in their abilities and in their future," said Prokofiev. This desire permeated the last three symphonies, the Fifth, Sixth, Seventh. The seventh is called "youth". It is particularly bad light, romantic perception of life, which is so characteristic of youth.

The Prokofiev many works written for children. He loved children, and she his music speaks about it. For children invented composer tale tutorial "Peter and the Wolf", has composed many piano pieces, vocal-symphonic Suite "Winter fire" and the oratorio On guard for peace".

S. Prokofiev. "Peter and the wolf"
 

Sergei Prokofiev was a great worker. He left us such immense legacy that will be many years before he created the music will appear before the audience in all its diversity and richness.


Great composers

Reprinted from the book N. Kolosova Hello music!" (Moscow, Molodaya Gvardiya, 1964)

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Lily
2013-10-09 19:59:26
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