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GREAT COMPOSERS

SERGEI VASILYEVICH RACHMANINOFF

(1873-1943)

C. C. Rachmaninoff
Sergei Vasilyevich Rachmaninoff

"If I play, I can't write, if I write, I don't want to play. Perhaps it's because I'm lazy; it is possible, continually lessons on the piano and the eternal bustle associated with life as a concert artist, I take too much effort. Maybe it's because I feel that the music I wanted to write today is unacceptable. Maybe the real reason that I in recent years have preferred the life of the artist-performer of the composer's life, is quite different. Having left Russia, I lost the desire to write. Having lost homeland, I lost myself. The exile, who had lost his musical roots, traditions and native soil, no desire to do, there is no other consolation, except unbreakable silence, Nerevarine memories".

Who was he a composer or pianist? Contemporaries took it as the greatest pianist and didn't appreciate him as a composer. It tormented him all his life. Throughout his life he burned desire to compose music. When he finished the Moscow Conservatory, and finished it brilliantly in two classes - class piano in 1891 and composition class in 1892, himself Tchaikovsky he predicted a great future. He was 18 years old, his Opera "Aleko", presented to the exam, received the highest rating - 5. P. I. Tchaikovsky shortly before his death said that it sees the successor and the successor of his.

Rachmaninoff four years playing the Beethoven sonatas. To fulfill the works of the great classics was the greatest pleasure for him. But the closest he Tchaikovsky, Rimsky-Korsakov and Borodin - older contemporaries. For him, as for them, the only spring that fed the creativity was Russia, its people, its nature, her songs, her poetry.

C. C. Rachmaninoff. Italian polka
 

But composing talent Rachmaninoff developed in difficult times.

The 1905 revolution ended in defeat. The king remained in power, the reaction had begun. Intellectuals worried most of the time, confusion, hesitation and disbelief in the victory of the revolution. In the literature, the art, new trends, each leading people from fighting, from reality, from the people. Appeared "nihilists", rejecting Mozart, Tchaikovsky, Beethoven.

Rachmaninoff's music, who continued the best traditions of Russian classics, have increasingly called "old-fashioned". Melody works its considered the main sign of backwardness.

C. C. Rachmaninoff. Elegy
 

While Rachmaninoff was incomprehensible "new music", who lost his native soil, the music often fanciful, fictitious, acting on the imagination, on the nerves and leaving a calm heart.

He, Rachmaninoff, could only write from the heart. He did not like, when is not something that outsiders are close asked him what he wanted to say in that or another work, what picture drew... He didn't paint pictures, nothing was explained. His music was all his thoughts, worries, anxieties, doubts, hopes...

C. C. Rachmaninoff. Vocalise
 

His favorite writer was Chekhov. He was close Rachmaninoff his shyness and dislike of loud phrases, spiritual purity, kindness to people, the dream of a new, bright life, a bitter thought about the troubles and the sufferings of the people.

From the love of Chekhov, Russia, to the Russian man was born fantasy for Symphony orchestra "Rock". Inspired she was sad and disturbing Chekhov's story "On the way".

In the nineties of the last century there were many bright, unique works of Rachmaninoff. "Cliff" and "Capriccio on Gypsy themes for orchestra, Fantasia for two pianos, three cycles of piano pieces - Play-fantasy", "Salon pieces and Six musical moments", three cycles of romances. In 1893, deeply shocked by the unexpected death of a loved P. I. Tchaikovsky, Rachmaninoff told about the great evil that befell him, all Russian, elegiac trio for piano, violin and cello.

In 1897 saw the light of Rachmaninoff's First Symphony. Due to the negligence of the orchestra and conductor of the Symphony was so poorly studied and executed so wrong that this concert had ended in failure. The young composer was in despair. Three years he could not compose music, tormented by doubts, unbelief in yourself. The first Symphony since he was not shown to anyone and will put a ban on it.

But man, born composer, can not create music. And Rachmaninoff went back to work. The first years of the twentieth century were the years of the Prime of his songwriting talents. It was then that he wrote the Second Concerto for piano and orchestra is one of the most popular in our time piano concerts.

Born bright, dramatic cantata "Spring" for baritone, chorus and orchestra to words Nekrasov "Green noise". New piano preludes and romances.

He wrote the music. He learned new classics and often performed in concerts. Thank Rachmaninoff-pianist grew. In 1897-1898 years, heard about the talents of the young composer, the owner of a private Russian Opera in Moscow Mammoths invited him to the position of conductor. The conductor was more like Sergei Rachmaninoff than private lessons, which had to earn a living. He agreed. There Chaliapin sang. Since years they began a friendship that lasted a lifetime. Since then began his conducting activities. His works - the Second Symphony. The third piano Concerto, preludes, sonatas, etudes-tableaux, romances still amazed by the richness and beauty of the melodies, deep feelings, a special "Rachmaninov rhythm that made the music strong-willed, masculinity. Pianist and conductor Rachmaninoff was invited with concerts in many cities of Europe and America.

C. C. Rachmaninoff. The second Concerto for piano and orchestra in C minor, op. 18.
Part 1.Moderato.

 

He was far from politics. In 1917, when broke out in Russia a new revolutionary storm, the nobleman Rachmaninoff was not sorry for the overthrow of the Tsar. He was full of desire to help struggling for freedom. "My fee, " wrote the composer, making the fee in favor of the Russian army, from the first performance in the country, now free on the needs of the army of the free, but this makes a free artist S. Rachmaninoff".

After the victory of the Great October revolution, when the old familiar life was finally broken, Rachmaninoff was going through a time of serious doubt. He was not convinced that he and his art right now people.

And in Europe waited for his concerts. Already received an invitation from Sweden. And, after some hesitation, Rachmaninoff went there, not knowing that more will never return to their homeland.

He gave concerts in Sweden, Denmark, and then was invited to the United States. Everywhere, wherever they appeared Rachmaninoff, the audience flocked to the concert halls, his portraits are not descended from newspaper pages.

He left to live in America and there often went to concerts in Europe. However, to compose music almost ceased. He was homesick for Russia and could not get away from because of his idea that the homeland will not forgive. Sometimes I desire to compose; the best that has been written in these years, " "Three Russian songs", the Third Symphony - facing Russia.

When the Nazis in 1941 attack on the Soviet Union, concern for homeland became unbearable pain. Rachmaninoff decided to offer his assistance to the Soviet people. He began to give concerts, the collection of which was entirely sent in the red Army. "This is the only way, " he wrote in the Soviet Consulate, how can I Express my sympathy for the suffering of the people of my native land over the last few months."

In post-Soviet country days, in the spring of 1942, sending another cash contribution, Rachmaninoff wrote: "one of the Russians to the Russian people in its struggle with the enemy. I want to believe, believe in complete victory!" He did not live to see victory. Did not have time to learn about that in Soviet Russia are preparing to celebrate his seventieth birthday, despite the war, worries and troubles. To the day of his birth came the greeting from the Union of Soviet composers:

"...We welcome You as a composer who is proud of Russian musical culture, the greatest pianist of our time, a brilliant conductor and social activist, who in our days showed their Patriotic feelings, which found a response in the hearts of the Russian people..."

He did not manage to get this greeting...

Didn't recognize it and the fact that every year, every day his music more and more people in our country like that name Rachmaninoff Soviet people proudly placed alongside the names of Glinka, Tchaikovsky, Mussorgsky, Borodin, Rimsky-Korsakov.


Great composers

Reprinted from the book N. Kolosova Hello music!" (Moscow, Molodaya Gvardiya, 1964)

Your comments:

Ksenia-Milaha
2014-06-06 13:25:27
drop dead people only I am sorry for him because his last wish(dream) come true .
in those days when he lived there was a war and he went to save her family!!!!
Victoria
2013-06-05 14:37:18
Rachmaninoff is my favorite composer. I love his works of peace that clear to me, in which you can pour your soul. Love to do his works, by the way, Elegy, one of these entries, I do really like, as well sensible collection of etude-paintings for one piano
Olegovna
2013-02-13 23:15:41
Mentally, well.
Svetlana
2012-04-18 08:07:32
very! good!
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