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GREAT COMPOSERS

NIKOLAI ANDREYEVICH RIMSKY-KORSAKOV

(1844-1908)

N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov
Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov

December, 1905. The whole year, starting from January 9 - "bloody Sunday", - raged Russia revolutionary strikes, strikes, demonstrations. The St. Petersburg Conservatory was divided into two camps. Most of the students and the smaller part of the professors stood on the side of the revolution. In this camp was a great Russian composer, the pride of Russia Nikolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov. He said of himself, which in those days was "bright red". When administration Conservatory invited the professors to compile lists of students "instigators" of strikes, Rimsky-Korsakov demanded the resignation of the Director. In response to this great composer was dismissed from the Conservatory. And after him went and outraged by the arbitrariness of the authorities other leading professors. The first among them were famous composers Glazunov and Lyadov.

A few days after these events, the premiere of Rimsky-Korsakov's Kashchey the Immortal".

Shadowy, oppressive music Intro and Aria stone introduces the listener into the dark Kasaeva Kingdom. Scared and lonely beautiful Princess Beauty Beloved next to the cruel Stone. Heat, touching and humane her song of complaint "Days without a gap, sleepless night." Yearning, waiting for her groom of the king's Son - he must release her from Kasaeva captivity. Kashchey sends towards the Prince fierce snowstorm, invisible voices predicting the death knight. But He fearlessly goes in search of a bride. Evil daughter of Kashchei awaits the brave. She must lure him into your tower and destroy. But the king's Son so brave and beautiful, that cold heart of Caseine flashed suddenly a feeling of pity and love for him. Storm helps the Prince to escape from Caseine and find the Princess. Casein suffers first from her eyes pouring tears, and with them comes and death to the Stone. He hid his death in the tears of a daughter who never knew pity. Love broke the evil Caseino and defeated stone.

Storm-Hercules fun opens the gate of the dead Kasaeva Kingdom. "The end of evil to the Kingdom," the invisible choir sings "At will, will you storm the gates opened"welcomes captives Storm-Hercules.

N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov. Opera Kashchey The Immortal"

In the hall understood the true meaning of the Opera-tales. The Opera was overthrown Kasaeva Kingdom, there were people who believed in the overthrow of tsarism. In the hall there were people long ago conquered by the music of Rimsky-Korsakov, who knew his progressive views, his loyalty to the ideas of revolutionary Democrats Belinsky, Dobrolyubov and Chernyshevsky. In the room were people, angered by the dismissal of the Rimsky-Korsakov Conservatory of. The play turned into a public demonstration. The theatre was called the police. Works by Rimsky-Korsakov authorities imposed the ban, and the composer has established police supervision. But the revolution continued, and the authorities soon had to cancel their actions, caused a wave of protest among the leading intellectuals.

The last Opera by Rimsky-Korsakov, written in 1906, was also directed against the autocracy. This Opera is a satire, "the Golden Cockerel". Opera bright, colorful, original. He searched for her, the composer wrote to one friend: "Dodon hope to acramite finally".

And he killed the king Dodon and his entourage merciless satire. Stupid and cruel tyrant Dodon in the music of Rimsky-Korsakov's even sillier and funnier than in the tale by Pushkin. Frank mockery king of sounds in a love song old Dodon, put to the tune of "Siskin".

The composer did not have to see the scene of his last Opera - censorship was against it.

No sooner had Rimsky-Korsakov to perform for many years held his conception of the Opera-song "Stenka Razin". Stayed plans, sketches. "Do not get involved hints on the current state of things; and without contact with it will be clear to all," wrote the composer.

Rimsky-Korsakov wrote fifteen operas, about eighty songs, Symphony, symphonic Suite "Scheherazade" and "Oro", a symphonic picture "Sadko". He corrected, orchestrated and even wrote many of his works of genius friends Borodin and Mussorgsky, was preparing to publish the scores of the operas of Glinka's Ivan Susanin and Ruslan and Lyudmila".

N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov. Snow Maiden's Aria from the Opera "the snow maiden" (prologue)

Takes Elizaveta Shumskaya

Rimsky-Korsakov wrote the textbooks which are still studying composers of his difficult art.

Rimsky-Korsakov was the closest assistant of Balakirev during the heyday of the"Mighty handful", the Free school of music and the Russian musical society.

He was a talented teacher and a favorite of the students of the St. Petersburg Conservatory. Never suppressed novice composers their demands and views. He was a friend, father and servant" of his disciples. And not surprisingly, many of his students became prominent composers: Asafiev, Arensky, Glazunov, Gnesin, gretchaninov, Lysenko, Lyadov, Ippolitov-Ivanov, Myaskovsky, Prokofiev, Stravinsky, Spendiarov.

N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov became famous as a composer and storyteller. Folk tales, fairy tales, legends, fairy-tale heroes attracted the composer of poetry and beauty. Folk songs, which he carefully collected and recorded, fascinated him forever with its beautiful melodies, modest elegance and sincerity. Was very interested in his history of Russia, especially the era of Ivan the terrible. It was at this time include his Opera "the maid" and "the Tsar's bride". He, like Mussorgsky, liked Gogol's story with their juicy household paintings, description of folk rituals and fantasy stories. He chose out of all the novels "May night" and "the Night before Christmas" and wrote on them the Opera. A world of fantasy and real intertwined in the Opera-the epic "Sadko", Patriotic Opera "the legend of the invisible city of Kitezh and the maiden Fevronia, poetic spring tale "the snow maiden"magic "the Tale of Tsar Saltan".

3rd song Lola
from the Opera N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov's "Snow Maiden"


Sings Irina Arkhipova

Songwriter-storyteller (right?) intertwined in our minds with another storyteller, "Tsar Berendey painting by artist Viktor Vasnetsov Viktor Mikhailovich.

Flight of the bumblebee
from the Opera N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov the Tale of Tsar Saltan"


Great composers

Reprinted from the book N. Kolosova Hello music!" (Moscow, Molodaya Gvardiya, 1964)

Your comments:

Admin
2013-04-13 10:42:19
You are right, Michael. Thank you, the bug is fixed.
Michael
2013-04-09 14:57:26
Death date specified in 1903. How could he protest against the Tsar in 1905? He was already dead by the time two years?
sea
2012-11-25 08:38:19
I love flight of the bumblebee
The WORLD
2011-11-08 07:26:32
KORSAKOV'S ALL LOVE
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