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GREAT COMPOSERS

ALEXANDER PORFIRYEVICH BORODIN

(1833-1887)

A. P. Borodin
A. P. Borodin

Alexander porfiryevich Borodin joined Balakirev mug last. It was a year, year of the opening of the Free school of music, when each of my friends under the influence of Balakirev and Stasov have finally developed advanced Outlook on life.

Meeting them was held in the house Botkin - known doctor, Professor of Medical-surgical Academy and passionate music lover. Aleksandr had just returned from abroad. Together with famous scientists Sechenov and Mendeleev he was sent to Germany for scientific research and for participation in the International chemical Congress.

A prominent Russian scientist, Professor of Medical-surgical Academy, Borodin was superbly educated musician. From his childhood he played piano, flute and cello in nine years already tried to compose instrumental pieces. In his student years he plunged in books, laboratory experiments in chemical research, the music remained only a few hours of rest. Sometimes, in the rain, in the mud he was walking through the city with his flute or cello to spend the evening among music lovers, to play yourself in a Quartet or quintet. And if you had the opportunity to listen to a Symphony orchestra, the happiness boys no bounds.

He liked to compose music, but out of modesty, he works his stranger showed shyly called himself a "composer seeking obscurity". "I am sorry to confess to his compositional activities, " said Borodin. And it's clear. At others it direct business, duty, purpose of life - I have a rest, fun, extravagance, distracting me from direct my present case - professors, science...

Balakirev his brilliant intuition opened in Borodino talent of the composer. He began to struggle with chemistry, hoping to take Borodin science, to win for Russia a new great composer.

Aleksandr was older than Balakirev four years, but the authority of Balakirev - a brilliant musician and connoisseur of classical and contemporary music, his passionate conviction and persuasiveness - made Borodin to take a new look at their music. Mily and other "cockily very appreciated. They had success with the public. General approval was to make new plans, supported the desire to work.

In the late seventies Balakireva new strong ally - Franz Liszt. With his usual ardor and activity Sheet welcomed the emergence of Balakirev directions in Russian music. Thanks to the Sheet works of Balakirev, Borodin, Rimsky-Korsakov, Mussorgsky soon became known in Europe. And when Borodin, being a scientific mission in Germany in 1877, decided to visit the great musician, Sheet met him as an old friend, fall asleep approving exclamations: "You wrote a wonderful Symphony!.. I am thrilled, just two days ago I played it...", "don't listen, please, those who keeps you from your direction: believe me, you are on this road..."

More from Borodin's no doubt that he is a composer; music is his calling.

And science, chemistry? Discoveries that he made and which is ahead? Experiments in the laboratory, without which it was not life? No matter how angry or upset Balakireva, soft, good-natured, shy, he remained steadfast and firm: chemistry is not lost to space music, and only yielded.

Offended and indignant Balakirev... Noise Stasov, customized, persuaded, was angry... Rimsky-Korsakov offered their help, orchestrated, recorded, finished...

In order not to waste time rewriting your notes, hastily scrawled in pencil, Aleksandr invented his way to secure the pencil on paper: cover the leaves with egg white and dried them. When the apartment scientist surprisingly to outsiders through all the rooms were taut ropes and, like linen, were placed paper sheets, the friends of the "Mighty handful" rejoiced: Borodin them again - it works!

"Mily hilarious! "says he in a letter to his wife. "I wrote you that he had pissed off with me and dry, angry and sometimes picky to me. Come to Ludo (sister Glinka L. I. Shestakov. - Primered) - Milia't tell: limp, rasmejalsa, looks at me with loving eyes and, finally, not knowing what to Express to me your love, gently took me two fingers to his nose and kissed her soundly on the cheek. I involuntarily laughed!.. Korenica told him that I write a symphonic piece and played him some of her..."

So under the pressure of Balakireva was born the best works of Borodin: the First and the Second ("giant") Symphony, the romances on texts (Borodin was the gift of the poet) - "the Sleeping Princess", "Song of the dark forest", "Sea", "Sea Princess", symphonic picture "Central Asia", the two parts of the Third Symphony and, finally, longer than any other razdevshayasya and the unfinished Opera "Prince Igor".

Romance "To the shores of a distant homeland" (music by A. Borodin, words by A. Pushkin)

Takes Dmitri Hvorostovsky

To write an Opera on the subject of Russian history was a cherished dream of Borodin. On the proposal of Balakirev he took at first for "the Tsar's bride", but quickly lost interest to it. Then this story was fascinated by Rimsky-Korsakov, and he wrote a beautiful piece. But it was the Opera household historical, lyrical. And Borodin was attracted to the heroic, to the story of the Russian heroes, their deeds, their love for the Motherland. He asked Stasov to invent a story for the Opera.

Vladimir lost the rest - all looking for a suitable plot in Russian history And once when he took over "the Word about Igor's regiment"immediately came confidence is what you need Borodin. Igor is a bright, noble, heroic nature. Yaroslavna is gentle, loving and strong-willed Russian woman.

Crying Yaroslavna from the Opera "Prince Igor" (act 4)

an excerpt from the film-Opera "Prince Igor" ("thumbnail", 1969, directed Rmichailov).
In the role of Yaroslavna - N. Millet, sings T. Milashkina

Konchak wild, brave leader of the tribes. The Russian troops clash with enemies-nomads. Poetic image Accordion - singer glory of the Russian land... And Stasov was not mistaken. "To me this story is terribly like, wrote him Borodin.- Will afford? I don't know. You are afraid of wolves in the woods not to go. I'll try".

Aria Igor from the Opera "Prince Igor" (2 act)

an excerpt from the film-Opera "Prince Igor" ("thumbnail", 1969, directed by P. Tikhomirov).
In the role of Igor B. Khmelnitsky, sings Century Kireev

Now we know that the plot was Borodin afford. But not on time, which he never had before.

Stasov not slept the night, looking for records, documents of ancient Rus to prepare for Alexander porfiryevich all the required material. Working plan of the libretto, Borodin was immersed in the voluminous historical books, records, searched records of ancient Russian and Polovtsian melodies and music Borodin left to scientists.

The composer was fascinated by his "Prince Igor". He wanted to create something similar to "Ruslan and Ludmila" by Glinka. He was drawn, as he himself said, "to singing, to the cantilena... to form a more complete, rounded, wider". "Voices, " wrote Borodin, should be in the first place, orchestra - second". Enthusiastically met friends every room of Opera arias, duets, choruses, dances. But it was necessary to wait for a long time, sometimes years.

Polovtsian dances from the Opera "Prince Igor" (2 act)

Borodin lived in an endless stream of fascinating research, restless, but important public Affairs, taking care of the family, needy students, friends, relatives, earnings, who generously spent on those around him. In the last years of his life he gave a lot of effort Higher medical courses. Together with other leading figures of science barely won government permission to open these courses. Money for their organization, the government has not released, and all the professors decided first year lectures for free. With difficulty, different paths were extracted funds necessary to maintain the courses. For a long time, he was their Treasurer, he did everything to improve the work of the first in Russia and Europe, women's higher educational institutions.

Friends and doctors advised Borodin care of the heart, to relax, to abandon part of their official duties. But he could not become the other - it all with the same generosity gave their strength, knowledge, kindness Motherland, people.

His powerful body could not bear such suspense. In fifty-four years old, in the Prime of his life, he died of a broken heart, and not having time to finish the "Prince Igor" and the Third Symphony, delighting his friends. Rimsky-Korsakov, Stasov, Glazunov with family Borodin and loved his disciple-chemist A. P. Program on the sheets, on scraps of musical notation, and sometimes from memory gathered, recorded and restored everything that can be restored in the musical heritage of the composer.

Rimsky-Korsakov, tirelessly following the work of Borodin and Glazunov, who had a rare musical memory was restored to the "Prince Igor". They did it so gently, so lovingly and with such deep feeling, which no one now does not notice that the Opera was never finished by the author that wrote it fits almost twenty years.

Shortly before his death, he wrote the finale of his Third Symphony.

"It is quite a long ducked behind the wall, playing this mighty music, " recalls A. P. the Dianin, then stopped playing and after a few moments appeared in the laboratory excited, with tears in his eyes.

"Well, Sasha, " he said, " I know that I have good things, but this - this finalise... such finalise..." Saying this, Aleksandr covered one of his eyes, and with the other brandishing in the air... From this finale't have a single line - nothing was recorded.

The great generosity of the soul, Borodin, him who knew no boundaries kindness and rare talent deprived us of many beautiful creations that could still give the world a brilliant composer Borodin.

But he lived his life beautifully and remains in the memory of people is not only a great Composer but also a great Man.


Great composers

Reprinted from the book N. Kolosova Hello music!" (Moscow, Molodaya Gvardiya, 1964)

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