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GREAT COMPOSERS

EDVARD GRIEG

(1843-1907)

Edvard Grieg
Edvard Grieg

Severe sea, the sky, barely escaped from the fog, clouds, a rare smile of the sun, the surface of the Bay, gray, lighter, whimsical heap of rocks along the shore of the fjord. Narrow streets and unpretentious houses of Bergen. What seems to be attractive?.. But if it is the birthplace? If you are only here pushes the sunbeam clouds and suddenly makes elegant and houses, and rocks, and pine on the stone near the water? Where else can you get so far into the mountains, to hear rumbles in the rocks the voice of the mountain king, as dancing trolls? And is there somewhere else such fearless fishermen, as in the neighbouring village? They are stern, silent, but his eyes and a rare smile give them loving-kindness. How many songs can be heard in the village! As dance there challenge and springdance. What a beautiful song sung in the mountains shepherds...

A joy to see and hear all this, walked with adult friend returned to his native Norway from distant wanderings, near "Norwegian Paganini" OLE Bull. OLE bull listening to the first compositions by Edvard Grieg, talks about Norwegian folk music.

This mother, a wonderful pianist, taught Edward's own tool, to love Bach, Mozart, Gluck, Beethoven, Schubert, she taught him to be persistent and not afraid of difficulties.

OLE bull, after listening to the works of Edward said decisively parents: the boy must be a musician. Home Edward got all he could get. It must now go to the Leipzig Conservatory (in Norway at the time of his Conservatory.

When skinny boy with dreamy glowing blue eyes, in love with the world, left Bergen, he was only fifteen years old. Ahead is unknown, another Germany. In the soul hid hope: can not accept. Then he will again be at home in his native Bergen, beloved parents.

But Edward took. It was in the autumn of 1858. In 1862 he graduated from the Leipzig Conservatory, receiving the highest feedback professors about his composing abilities. By the time the boys were already many independent works.

The first concert in his native Norway brought to Grieg great success. But neither in his native Bergen, nor in the capital Christiania Grieg found use his talent. Like many of his fellow musicians, writers, he in 1863 moved to Denmark, in Copenhagen. There flourished music Grieg...

Copenhagen was a great cultural center of Europe. In Copenhagen lived and worked great Danish writer, storyteller and poet Hans Christian Andersen, which stretched all the progressive people of Denmark. Following Andersen poets, musicians, artists Scandinavian countries turned to folk poetry and music, under his influence were then developed a distinctive and vibrant culture of Scandinavia.

And the young Grieg was conquered beautiful, full of love poetry Andersen, many of the poems he wrote music. And a great storyteller was one of those who first appreciated the works of Grieg. The first collection of songs "Melodies of the heart." Edvard Grieg was dedicated to Hans Christian Andersen.

The composer knew and loved Scandinavian poetry, many of the poems he was shifted to music. In his youth he was lucky to meet a young Nina Hagerup, the girl with the beautiful voice, intelligent, sensitive, educated. She became a wife and a loyal friend, first and best performer of ballads and songs of Edvard Grieg. Nina lived his joys, his hopes, his suffering, his music.

In Copenhagen Grieg became friendly with a young Norwegian composer Nordream, a man of strong will and noble hearts. Nordraak was an ardent patriot Norway and personal debt your saw in the struggle for the development of national music. He enjoyed growing success of Edward and believed that Grieg great future awaits. Dreamy and distant from the public life of the country, the young Grieg under the influence of Nordrach unwittingly stood in the ranks of the advanced people of Norway.

The death of Nordrach interrupted their friendship. For Grieg loss Nordrach was one of the first strong shocks in life. The first great sorrow came to Grieg, with extraordinary power and depth handed it in "Funeral March to the memory of Nordrach". Best memory of the patriot could be a concern for the development of Norwegian folk music. And Grieg to the end of their days doing everything in his power to music of their homeland.

In January 1867, on his initiative in Norway was opened "Academy of Music". Due to the lack of funds and lack of competent musicians orchestra in Christiania turned out to be weak, and the public interest in national music was still small. The Grieg and his friends had to overcome many difficulties before "Music Academy" had the right to life.

The composer often traveled to different cities of Europe, speaking as a pianist, conductor and as accompanist Nina Grieg. Grigi played not only the works of Edward. Their performances in Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Italy, France, England was opened to the audience the extraordinary beauty of the original Norwegian music.

Conducting the service, concerts, educational and social activities took away from Grieg lot of time and effort. When Grig asked the authorities to assign a state scholarship to be able to leave the service and to deal only with music, the answer was refused. Works not published. On Grieg looked upon as an ordinary musician.

Fortunately, one of the best creations Grieg - youth piano Sonata, inspired by the composer paintings of nature native Norway, its history, its folk melodies, came to the famous composer Franz Liszt. The sheet was delighted unusual, not like any other music of Grieg. He wrote immediately about this young Norwegian, expressing a strong desire to meet him.

Friendly letter Worksheet decided the fate of Grieg. Norwegian society immediately changed their attitude to the young composer. And it does not change when a musician of international renown writes them to a novice composer: "Flatter ourselves with the hope that at home you are a success and encouragement you deserve. However, and beyond you will not need". The indifference of the audience turned to benevolence. If the Sheet has opened her eyes to the treasure, which until then had remained unnoticed. The Grieg has appointed a government grant.

Meeting with the Sheet in 1870 in Rome were for Grieg holiday. He enjoyed unique game Sheet, spoke to him. listened to the comments and advice. It has inspired the words of the great musician, "Keep going! You get all the data. And don't let yourself be intimidated!"

Want to know Grieg - listen to the music to the drama of the great Norwegian writer Ibsen's "peer Gynt".

It is a play about a man who has no life of this great cause, who have not chosen their path and just aimlessly spends years.

Hear beckons you into the mountains, friendly, gentle song of the shepherd's horn? But overlooking a valley and a stream like silver in the early stones, transparent and cool air.

But look how worried now cheerful slacker peer Gynt. His mother died - old EfE. It was she who had taught him in childhood, one after the other to weave intricate tales, protecting og rude drunkard father. Now he will tell her the last tale - will pass it to the mountains, in the clouds on a magic horse. He will not allow her to think about death.

Chain stretch in the hall of the mountain king of the trolls. This Lane, running away from people who wandered into their Kingdom. What he people with their great deeds - he wants to live among these magical creatures...

E. Grieg. "In the hall of the mountain king" (from music to drama Ibsen's "peer Gynt")
 

Here is dancing before your Pen light, airy dance Maestro Anitra. Surprise Lane opened his mouth: not as dancing girls in his village. Far, however, from his native Norway, he came, staggering about the world...

What is that beautiful, familiar song? Who sings it so sweetly? The girl with such a voice should be kind and loving heart...

You're wonderful song made my life.
Bless the first date
And this encounter...

It Solveig - modest Solveig, with radiant eyes and a gold braid. It Solveig, which so long and so patiently waiting for his beloved. Wait and believe that all that is good in the soul of her Pen, win - he will return to her home.

E. Grieg. Solveig's song from the Suite "peer Gynt".
Performed By Anna Netrebko

And he came back. Tired of aimless wandering old peer Gynt. Good lullaby song calms his Solveig.

Writer Ibsen did not like such people as peer Gynt. He judged, made fun of his character, which, rejecting the great struggle for happiness for all, looking for others ' roads a small fortune for one.

Grieg was a very kind and gentle person. He didn't know how to laugh at people. He did not laugh and above Pen Gynt. The composer wrote the music to the scenes that were to his liking. His peer Gynt was serene dreamer and a poet. One and the same hero lived two different lives: one in the play of the great Ibsen, the other in the great music of Grieg.

E. Grieg. "Morning" from the First Suite (music for the drama of Ibsen's "peer Gynt")
 

Edvard and Nina Grieg for a long time had gone abroad in tours or alone lived in the estate near Bergen, and later in his humble our fantastic downhill slopes for those - a country house on the shore of the fjord. Wherever Grieg, throughout his life was filled to the brim work, creativity.

Grieg is Norway in music, the country, its nature, its people. The common people. Their deeds, customs, tales. Works entitled "Scenes from folk life", "Norwegian dances", "Wedding day at our fantastic downhill slopes for those", "Through the cliffs and fjords", "Procession of gnomes".

E. Grieg. Procession of gnomes. No. 3 notebook 5, op. 54.
 

For thousands and millions of listeners who, like he, like each of his homeland and his people, just grieve and rejoice with him, creativity Grieg became expensive and understandable.

How close the music of Grieg Russian heart, well said P. I. Tchaikovsky, who was connected with the Norwegian composer personal friendship: "...Grieg was able, once and forever to win Russian heart. His music is imbued with a charming melancholy, reflecting the beauty of Norwegian nature, majestic, wide, Grand, gray, modest, scant, but for the soul northerner always incredibly charming, there is something close to us, native, immediately finding in our heart hot sympathetic response."


Great composers

Reprinted from the book N. Kolosova Hello music!" (Moscow, Molodaya Gvardiya, 1964)

Your comments:

the mysterious Sophie
2014-05-21 17:06:58
Angelina, this Lyceum in Khimki? And if Yes then your name Moses!!!
Angelina
2014-04-06 11:42:34
I like music, we asked, I am in 3 And class of the Lyceum № 6!!!!
Ksenia
2014-02-04 20:38:26
I can't write about it for what it really is
Katya
2013-12-21 16:50:54
and we at school asked a morning of music I 3 class
RENATA
2013-12-18 09:43:56
HUNDRED TIMES TO HEAR IT WORKS PERFECTLY FINE STUNNING, FANTASTICHNOI..
Target
2013-12-02 07:25:33
Not written that when
Renata
2013-11-10 11:21:24
a great composer, I really like his work
Veronica
2013-11-09 20:11:42
super
Katya
2013-04-29 16:10:27
Very good Sait
Cricri
2013-04-21 17:25:39
"Morning" is very beautiful.
:-)

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