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GREAT COMPOSERS

FREDERIC CHOPIN

(1810-1849)

Franz Liszt
Frederic Chopin

The autumn of 1830. Chopin twenty years. His teacher, composer, Elsner near assessments in examination sheet Warsaw higher school of music wrote: "Frederick Chopin musical genius". At home in Poland, he is already a recognized composer. Mazurka, Polonaise, two large piano concert of Chopin's well-known to music lovers. His performances accompanied by resounding success. Many people admire: Chopin - the great composer and pianist.

But Chopin is not like man, spoiled by fame. He is humble, simple, kind, sympathetic. He writes poetry, draws, plays comic roles in the home performances. He has many friends, and all of it very much.

Family and friends wish his music was known not only in Poland. Let friderik will show their creations to the best composers of other countries, compare your skill with the skill of famous pianists. And here collected funds on a long trip abroad. Friderik long dreamed of this journey, but time is it now?

Turbulent something, alarming, menacing hung over Poland...

Long ceased to exist independent Polish state. Tsarist Russia, Austria, Prussia long ago conquered it and ruled on Polish soil. But the country has not stopped the national liberation movement. And now heard his footsteps.

In 1794, when Frederick was not yet on earth, his father fought in one of the insurgent groups Kosciuszko. A Frenchman by birth, Nicholas Chopin boy arrived in Warsaw, and Poland became his second homeland. Now the father had aged, burdened with a family and not going to fight. But friderik knows: his father was a patriot and, of course, will be on the side of the rebels. Their ranks will rise and close friends. But Frederic they want to protect from danger and do not communicate their plans. The young man sees the concern in their eyes, notice how silent friends at his appearance, hiding something.

Folded in the suitcase all the early sketches and records heard people mazurkas, polonaises, songs. Their are endless - they'll be easier to bear the separation from his beloved Poland, they will become a spring of living water", which will support its forces away from home. With him went to Vienna close friend Round Wojciechowski.

November 1, 1830... saying Goodbye to Frederick, friends handed him the Cup with his native land - a piece of Poland, which must warm him in exile. No one knew that Chopin never set foot on his native land, and that this handful of earth will be a comfort to him long nineteen years.

It was raining, it was cold and dreary. Friderik and Titus in heavy thoughts left Warsaw. On the way we stopped in the village of żelazowa Wola. Here, among the fields and century-old trees, Chopin spent the best days of childhood and adolescence. Here are quiet river Loss had told him about their joys and sorrows. Here for the first time he heard the sad and funny, thoughtful and joyful melodies composed by the people, and forever was conquered them...

Friends lived in Vienna, when news came of the uprising in Warsaw. Titus immediately began to go home. Put down their suitcases and friderik. But Titus refused to take a friend with you. He believed that Chopin great future awaits, and to return to Poland was too dangerous. And friends, and his father had forbidden him to go back.

"You go to war, " wrote Chopin friend, go back Colonel. What a pity that I can't be at least a drummer".

Almost eight months have lived Chopin in Vienna. Separated from loved ones, anxious for the fate of them, he could not work. For all this time, Chopin nothing has composed and only once acted in concert. From Vienna he went to Germany. There he heard the news about the defeat of the Warsaw uprising. A new shock... Chopin knew all his relatives on the side of the rebels - what about them? And understand that now is not soon destined him to return home.

Chopin many survived, changed his mind these days. It was not possible to carry such a big mountain. Anxiety, confusion, emotional pain, a burning desire to serve his country - all this resulted, finally, in music. In his new works't have the same carefree, bright sadness, fervent fun, relaxing meditation. They had heard the passion, the call for struggle, sorrow for the dead. One of the studies of this period is called "Revolutionary".

F. Chopin. Revolutionary etude (C moll №12 Op. 10)
 

The great contemporary of Chopin, the composer Schumann wrote: "If the mighty ruler of the North (we are talking about the Russian Tsar Nicholas I) knew what a dangerous enemy threatens him in the works of Chopin, in this simple melodies mazurkas, he would ban the execution of this music. Works of Chopin - a gun, covered with flowers..."

Having heard that all Europe admired the Polish composer and pianist, Nicholas I in 1837 suggested Chopin to be a court musician and was going to give him the title of "the first pianist of his Majesty the Emperor of Russia. This meant that Chopin permission to live in Warsaw, a lot of money. But, like it or dreamed composer on his return home, the offer of the Emperor did not accept. How could he serve the enemy of his people?

"Though I did not participate in the revolution of 1831, as I was still too young, but my heart was with those who did it" - as Chopin himself said about his attitude to the Polish events.

Reminds response Pushkin, Nikolai I. When the king asked the poet what he would do if during the uprising of the Decembrists was in St. Petersburg, Pushkin, openly, answered, "would be with friends on the Senate square". The first concerts in Paris brought Chopin glory. Major musicians, connoisseurs piano, saw in him a brilliant pianist and an outstanding composer. "Hats off, gentlemen, before you genius," wrote appalled by the music of Chopin, Robert Schumann. For life captivated by the music of Chopin, the great master of the piano Sheet. The sheet is the first serious book about the life and works of Chopin.

F. Chopin. Nocturne in e flat major. Op. 9, No. 2
 

Frederic Chopin loved France. His friends became prominent writers, composers, artists. From the first days in Paris, Chopin began intense creative life. He wrote a lot in these years. Was very demanding of himself: sometimes weeks worked on one page of the legs. Many of his works have appeared in Polish melodies from children's books. Music Motherland lived in it, cry continuously.

In France at that time there were many poles who had escaped from Poland after the defeat of the Warsaw uprising. He lived in Paris in exile and the great Polish poet Adam Mickiewicz - a friend of Pushkin and the Decembrists. Meeting for the first time in Paris, Chopin and Mickiewicz forever became friends.

The poet often came to Chopin. For hours listening to him play, the great exile tolerated thoughts where he sought with all his soul...

There is a nice edge, dear Fatherland,
Where my heart lives kin big,
The land is dearer to me than all the other edge.
And people closer there than blood relatives...

"...I know why he comes, - Chopin wrote about Mickiewicz, I immediately sit down to play... the last time I've played him, afraid to look up at him, as I had heard that he was crying..."

F. Chopin. Waltz in C-sharp minor. The er. 64 No. 2
 

Chopin did not get up in arms to defend the independence of their homeland. He was not able even to be a drummer in the army of freedom. But he became commander of Polish music and wonderful creations revealed the originality and greatness of his people.

Chopin called the singer piano. He didn't write symphonies or operas. Most of his works - polonaises, mazurkas, waltzes, etudes, preludes, impromptus, ballades, sonatas written for the piano. But that was enough to bring the Polish music on the cutting edge of European art.

In the works of Chopin - a popular character, folk ballads, folk melodies. Listening to his polonaises, imagine not court ball, and the columns of the rebels; somehow clearly remember that the word "Polonaise" means "Polish". His mazurkas Chopin called "images". For him they were not just a dance but a small story, a scene from national life.

F. Chopin. Mazurka in a minor. Op.17 No.4
 

Bright national characteristics of Chopin's music did not prevent her to hold deep feelings, close and understandable, not a Polish, but for all other people. Therefore, not only in Poland - worldwide Frederic Chopin considered the greatest composer.

In 1835, Chopin became very ill. From Poland came the grim news. In these difficult days was written by the famous "Funeral March". Contemporaries heard in the March procession of people, a heartbroken... And they were right - Chopin never forget the tragic events in Poland. Pain and anxiety were burned his heart.

F. Chopin. Funeral March (Sonata No.2 in b flat minor, Op. 35, part 3)
 

Music, concerts did not bring Chopin enough money to live in Paris. He had to give lessons. The composer worked incredibly a lot much more than you could bear his weak since childhood body. Tuberculosis, a serious disease of the heart undermined his strength. It was more difficult to work, to perform in concerts.

To return to Chopin never had a chance. Dying in Paris, he asked to be taken home his heart. The will of the composer was performed. Buried in the Church of the Holy cross the heart of the great singer of the Polish land became a relic of his people.

Seizing Poland during the second world war, the Nazis destroyed the monument to the composer in Warsaw, was forbidden to sing his music. But at the heart of Chopin, they could not molest them: Polish patriots hid it in a safe place. It, like flames, light poles in the dark days of Hitler.

When the Soviet Army drove the invaders and fraternal Polish people became free Chopin music sounded with a Bang. And now, coming to Warsaw from different cities and countries, people go back to the Church of the Holy cross, silently to stand at a modest stone slabs, on which eternal flame burning words: "There's my heart, where my homeland."


A column of Holy cross Church in Warsaw,
in which immured Chopin's heart.

Great composers

Reprinted from the book N. Kolosova Hello music!" (Moscow, Molodaya Gvardiya, 1964)

Your comments:

Arina is
2014-04-07 21:31:33
And who is the author?
Leonid Dubrovin
2013-11-20 16:51:52
And his poems? Where the hell verses!!
Elena
2013-08-23 11:03:55
The site is good, but I wish he had written more than a simple language, understandable to the younger students.
Elena
2013-01-20 06:43:35
Whether Chopin piece called love Melody?
Vika
2013-01-15 02:05:05
the sun, well, where are your "many mistakes"? Well the typo "chair-cross" (apparently was fixed already). The name everywhere different write - friderik - Frederick, depending on pronunciation or writing, and so and so. Where is your "etc...?" (also, incidentally, illiterate, not to mention the lack of spaces in your text). Vytsepili one slip and be proud of? It would be better used by the inspection system of literacy on the website to highlight the error and press Ctrl-Enter to help, instead of clever.
sun beam
2013-01-14 10:39:51
a lot of errors in the text..sounds funny Ghost chairs), etc... even in the name of the great Chopin!!outrageous((
Vasil
2013-01-11 00:25:25
A good site, informacja podaetsya clino I strukturbank. Valuim be those that do not navodetsya such in fact, as described C elements of hdonoho style. So legshay Srimati I sapam*atabout.
beast
2012-11-27 10:51:02
normal website
Masha
2012-11-27 08:59:23
I asked the question "have you Written any Chopin poetry?" and took off the plate, about the poems here nothing is said, the answer to the question I have not found and as a result did not do their homework. As I understand it? Or not visvedevas, or write everything!!
Marina
2012-11-24 02:34:49
Daria,apparently,didn't read the article,and Nina just omnical. P
Why not compare the work, it's the same product activity as the article doesn't say how Chopin wrote better or worse than drugiego the work just reviewed for their example.

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