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GREAT COMPOSERS

FRANZ LISZT

(1811-1886)

Franz Liszt
Franz Liszt

"...My piano for me same as for the sailor his frigate, for his Arab horse, moreover, still he was my "I", my language, my life! He is the Keeper of all that moved my soul in fervent days of my youth; to him I will trust all my thoughts, my dreams, my suffering and joy".

So said the great Hungarian composer Franz Liszt. The sheet was the first who discovered the immense possibilities of the piano. Sheet "turned" piano in the orchestra of Beethoven's symphonies, Opera fantasy Mozart, Berlioz, Wagner, Verdi. The piano at Sheet sang songs of Schubert and turned into the body when the pianist played a Bach Fugue.

The sheet firmly brought the piano room and hall home on the concert stage. He was the first pianists have dared to act in concert one, a few hours occupying the attention of the audience only playing the piano. "Starting with a Sheet, said centuries Stasov, for piano became everything is possible."

Sheet guessed a great future instrument, which at that time was valued very highly, leaving it for domestic music-making. The sheet once compared the piano with engravings: "in relation to orchestral writing it the same as the engraving of the painting, which it propagates and spreads".

The sheet was a musician, who first considered it his duty to bring people (not units - a lot of people!) best musical creations of the past and present. And did it until the last days of life.

Sheet, as no one else had a happy gift "to open the" new names in music. Enthusiastic approval Sheet changed the fate of the young Grieg, made famous by the great Norwegian composer. The support Sheet has brought success to the great Czech composer Bedřich Smetana.

With deep admiration Sheet to the works of Glinka. He does constantly watched musical life in Russia. Sincerely rejoiced in the success of the great Russian pianists Anton and Nicholas Rubinstein. Welcomed the new works of composers of the "Mighty handful" - Mussorgsky, Borodin, Rimsky-Korsakov, Balakirev. With composers of the "Mighty handful" Sheet was connected to the personal friendship and correspondence. "You, " he said Borodin, live life stream; You have the future"... "Cockily" as seen in the Sheet leader in the struggle for progress in music. And they were right.

Franz Liszt. Dreams of love (Liebestraum)
 

Franz Liszt sooner faced with injustice. Humiliation musician since childhood led him into an ardent sense of protest. His father, a man musically gifted, intelligent, active, due to poverty was forced, like his grandfather, to go into service with the princes esterházy. To thereby esterházy, who served as court Kapellmeister Haydn. When born the Sheet, the father was the caretaker of the Prince of the sheep in the Hungarian village of Deboran. Leaves of life was not sweet. Salary was barely enough to feed his family.

The boy's parents brought great joy: father discovered he had a rare talent for music, began to give him lessons and at the age of nine Sheet already performed in public concerts. The success of the boy was so great that some Hungarian noble patrons of the arts has offered his father the money. Give the boy a serious musical education is now only a dream and goal of Adam Sheet.

The family moved to Vienna. Pupil of Beethoven, Karl Chernise was accepted to teach young Ferenc piano game, Antonio Salieri was introducing him to music theory.

Concerts boy in Vienna and Budapest brought him new success. He has been compared to a little Mozart, Beethoven listened to the music of the young Leaf, was excited and kissed the boy, as if predicting a great future.

Adam Liszt went with his son to Paris - there was at that time one of the best conservatories in the world. But Ferenc, despite exceptional talent, the Conservatory has not accepted: he was a foreigner. The Director of the Conservatory composer-Italian Cherubini didn't want to "break the law".

Until the end of life Sheet could not forget hitting, brutally inflicted on him in childhood. But answered it in his own way: becoming world famous, much effort was given to young talented pianists, never taking with them the fee for the lessons.

Young Leaf with great success performed. By the age of fourteen years, he has traveled to many cities in France, Switzerland, England.

At the age of sixteen Ferenc was left alone suddenly his father died. Now he had to sell his art, his works, to ensure the mother's life and her own. Thoughts about the humiliating position of the artist is constantly tormented as a young man. "It is better to be anything in the world... not only musician on the rich", he wrote later. But strong and inquisitive nature won. No one was in charge of his education. The sheet was drawn to the best books, the best, talented people. He was in pursuit of new knowledge, composed music, looking for new ways. And was extremely educated man.

Liszt's music was, as a rule, software - works had a clear, complete story. In search of a plot composer often turned to literature. In the works of the great classical writers he found images of brave, honest fighters for human happiness and put these images in music. Heroes of pieces of steel, Prometheus and Faust, hamlet, and Orpheus.

Seeking clearer to Express the idea works deeper to reveal its contents, Sheet created new forms of musical art. He wrote, for example, not symphonies and symphonic poems, piano concertos, sonatas, consisting not of a few, as was customary, but only one part. Did his compositions more solid.

The fate of the composer was such that he spent many years living apart from his native Hungary. But never stopped it faithfully serve her always remained a Hungarian composer. In many of his works can be heard national melodies, in particular the well-known Czardas. Some of the best pieces of Sheet created on themes taken from the life and history of Hungary. Among them - the famous "Hungarian Rhapsody", which became a sort of musical epic of the Hungarian people, the symphonic poem "Hungary", sad and stately funeral procession, commemorating the dead in 1849 the Hungarian revolutionaries, "Heroic March in the Hungarian style"piano music of the heroes of the Hungarian people, the fighters for freedom and independence - Shandor Petefi and the Ferenc rákóczi.

Franz Liszt. Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2
 

People living and active, the Sheet could not respond to public events. Under the impression of the July revolution in France in 1830 he wrote "Revolutionary Symphony". And when four years later, the rebellion broke out the Lyons weavers appeared piano piece Sheet Lyon. The epigraph to her, he raised the slogan of the rebels: "Live working or die fighting!"

People who knew of the Sheet, was always impressed by his enthusiasm, energy, his heart attitude towards young people.

In the memories of the Sheet Borodin says how beautiful he was in the company of his disciples, as all were attracted to him, what part he took in their lives. When the Sheet once said Borodin, looking after retreating to his disciples: "And what this is all great people, if you knew!.. And how much life here!" - Borodin thought: "Yes, because life is that you sit, darling you're the man!"


Great composers

Reprinted from the book N. Kolosova Hello music!" (Moscow, Molodaya Gvardiya, 1964)

Your comments:

best puppy
2014-04-08 16:32:48
NS
Renata
2013-11-10 11:28:31
great..
Julia
2013-09-29 03:52:37
I am delighted
Eugene
2012-11-17 23:27:43
A great man and a great humanitarian!
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