(Squad Passeriformes, Family Corvidae Family, Genus Raven)
In people there is a misconception, namely, that Raven - male, and Raven is a female of the same species. Actually, the Raven is not the "husband" of crows. Raven and crow are two different species. Same sex differences among individuals of almost all species of corvids are only in sizes: as a rule, males are some of the largest females.
Males ravens are one of the largest birds in the family, because most of the other inferior to its size the representatives of this species. Adult crows in length sometimes reaches more than 60 centimeters and weighs about 1.5 kg!
But large size is not the only difference between ravens and other corvids. An important feature is wedge-shaped tail, which gives the ravens the similarity with predatory birds, especially in flight. The crow wings wingspan reaches 120 centimeters. Pointed feathers goiter form a kind of "beard". The color of the feathers are plain black, but the plumage of adults becomes shining and shimmering in the sunlight with all the colors of the rainbow. Therefore, the flight of the crow in the sun - a magnificent sight!
The distance in the "Explanatory dictionary of the living great Russian language" introduces a number of Proverbs that characterizes the attitude of our ancestors to this bird: "the Raven croaks on the Church - to the deceased in the village; that noise in the house - to the dead man in the yard"; "Through which the yard crows flew, croaking, there will be a dead man"; "Every crow b on his head CAW"; "the Old Raven will not carcnet gift"; "As blood Raven is waiting." The Catholic Church has cursed the bird, considering its creatures of the dark forces. In fact, the largest representative of the family does not deserve such notoriety. In the legends of many peoples Raven - the personification of wisdom. This is a strong, beautiful and intelligent bird
The ravens prefer to live in solitary places, although sometimes live in small communities, mostly rural areas. Occasionally a small population of ravens come across even in the suburbs of large industrial cities, although it is, of course, rather an exception: these birds prefer ecologically clean areas. Often they settle in the mountains or forests, sometimes they can be found on the coasts, however, the ravens remain small, never form large colonies. However, to find suitable housing place, the family often remains there for life. The family might like to consist of only pairs with Chicks, and to be a group of adults.
Nests of crows tend to hold up in inaccessible places: on the tops of ancient trees, cliffs or ledges. Material for construction are usually thick and strong branches and twigs, from the inside provides a soft litter. Early spring in the slot one at a time, every day or two, appear bluish-green spotted eggs. Just they are usually delayed from three to seven pieces. Incubation begins when the delayed about half of the eggs. Sometimes parents do this in turn, more often male is busy getting food for himself and girlfriends hen. Chicks hatch after about twenty days, and by the summer I'm flying from the nest, although for a long time need care older and stay close to their parents at least until the autumn. His own family young ravens start at the age of two years, reaching sexual maturity.
As for diet crow - then it can rightly be attributed to the feathered black boys: the main "dish" is a variety of carrion. However, Raven, moreover, is an avid hunter. Therefore, regular supplements to the diet are mice, small birds, Chicks and eggs, large insects, preferably beetles. And if you live near a pond Raven shows himself a good fisherman, deftly catching shellfish and small fish.
As for the content in the house, then, definitely, you should either choose a little chick, or to abandon this idea altogether: adult crows are not amenable to domestication and can bring frivolous "owner" of a lot of trouble in arranging the house is a real mess in a matter of minutes. However, little crow, was brought into the house, at first, too, will take a lot of trouble. But it's worth it because it is the most highly developed intellectually domestic bird fauna.
The crow is deftly stealing shiny things guests to hunt chickens and ducklings or other small birds, to hurt the neighbor's dogs and cats, to tear up the furniture and Wallpaper, to turn into useless shreds books and clothes, beat the dishes. At the same time, very soon he will become attached to the man, his nursed, so that will never betray, it is not recognizing all the rest of humanity. There are cases when a tame crow tried to help, if the owner has become ill and even died from grief in one day with your loved one.
In nature, adult crows issue rather monotonous sounds, which makes them easy to distinguish from other birds: "the crook". Young people often utters a sort of unfinished "CT": "Kaa". But Chicks ravens quickly learn human speech, pronouncing words clearly. Moreover, the level of intelligence allows them to use the words and phrases strictly by appointment, turning the bird into a real interlocutor. Raven will be able to indicate their needs ("I'm hungry", "going to sleep" and so on) and to answer simple questions. Problems with manual ravens are only in puberty, when, as any teenager, chick wants to leave home and become independent. However, the transition to adulthood takes place, the Raven grows and may remain with the owner all his life: at home the ravens can live up to seven decades.
Perhaps no bird in our fauna can not be compared with a Raven on intelligence. It can solve complex challenges him life. Raven easily distinguished by hunter from other people, a man from the woman shuns less.
To feed the crow can almost everyone that eats people.
The voice of the crow:
Cognitive, interesting! Thank you!
Spacebase street little crow,which was probably from the nest,now 2 weeks already flies Hoteli know what delatio recording listens with interest