(Squad Passerine, The Suborder Of The Singers, The Family Of Sincewe)
The coal tit is the smallest sinitchka. The main difference between my sisters-Tits - it's a beautiful voice, and therefore called coal tit songbird. The painting is dominated by dark tones, for which coal tit given another name - black tit. The upper head is brilliantly black, on the back of my neck white spot. The throat is black. On the back of the head and cheeks white spots, grey back, chest and underparts are off-white on the sides tinge. The wings and tail are grayish-brown. On the wings of visible light transverse stripes. Males and females of the same color.
Spread on the territory of Russia from the Western borders to Sakhalin, Primorye and Kamchatka. In large cities found in parks and forest parks on the outskirts of the city. Especially noticeable in the city during winter migrations in years harvest spruce and pine cones.
Coal tit inhabits mainly in spruce or pine forest. Jack she settles in old holes in the roots of fallen trees, in crevices of wooden houses. Not finding a suitable hollows, is also abandoned burrows of rodents. The nest is built of moss, wool scraps of various animals; in the inner layer of the nest are always present web and downy feathers.
In the summer, when there are Chicks, coal Tits and other titmouse are combined in noisy flocks together and wander through the forest in search of food. These birds feed exclusively on insects, caterpillars, butterflies, and in winter they eat the seeds of coniferous trees. Love titmouse coal Tits to make stocks, and caught a caterpillar, a butterfly, they hide from the inner side branches that fell in the winter, the snow did not get to the pantry.
The voice of Tits coal Tits:
Used in text:
A. Gorbunova. "Migratory and wintering birds of Russia. Thematic dictionary in pictures"