(Squad Passerine, The Suborder Of The Singers, A Family Of Finches)
Klest - large bird color of ripe raspberries with long and narrow wings, short thick legs with strong fingers ending in sharp claws, a short forked tail and thick plumage. The main distinguishing feature of blackcock - bill, folded cross. This kind of beak helps the bird to deflect the scales of cones and deftly out the seeds. Pine and spruce seeds contain a lot of resin, which I love birds, they are absolutely not harmful to health.
Nursing Klest selects the torn cones not more than one-third of the seeds and then drops it. In dropped on the ground cones seeds stored for more than a year and serve as feed stock for wood mice, squirrels and other animals.
Year-round birds disperse, leaving the field with the harvest of cones and gathering in large numbers in productive areas of coniferous forests. Therefore, if in one year they were exceedingly numerous in one place, then the following year in the same area may not be found a single bird. The number of red crossbills depends on the yield of pine and spruce and is therefore subject to fluctuations that follow the changes in the yields of these conifers.
Common crossbills in the coniferous forests of the Northern hemisphere.
Flying birds quickly, but do not make large flights; they are an excellent climb trees, and privatives upside down, rarely descend to the ground.
Chicks in red crossbills appear in autumn and spring, but more often, oddly enough, in the winter. However, the continuation of the family is possible only when "at hand" great stocks of food.
Settles Klest in coniferous and mixed forests, but not in pine. The nest is built on top of spruce or pine trees under the cover of thick branches that protects the building from rain and snow. Only with the first frost and frost Klest starts to build, so darling house he always strong, mighty: the bottom of the warm litter, and the walls are solid and thick.
The voice of the blackcock-ilovica:
Used in text:
A. Gorbunova. "Migratory and wintering birds of Russia. Thematic dictionary in pictures"
Artist: Catherine Reznichenko