Mikhail A. Svetlov (real name - Sheinkman; 1903-1964) - Russian and Soviet poet, playwright.
Born on 4 (17) June 1903 in Ekaterinoslav (now Dnepropetrovsk) in a poor family of a craftsman. From 1914 to 1917 he studied in four years of College, worked as a photographer and exchange "boy".
In 1919 Svetlov joined the Komsomol, which is largely determined in his spiritual world and creativity. The first years of the existence of this organization was marked with a sincere optimism, naively utopian belief in the possibility of remaking the entire globe, camaraderie, sacrifice and romanticism. Svetlov has not only become a "Komsomol poet", as it was called later him and his comrades M Hungry, A. Clear, A. Zharova, A. Bezymensky and some other: he became the expression of the ideas of this new human category, with its ideals, aspirations and lifestyle.
Early life Svetlova also typical of the time. In 1920 he was a volunteer Rifleman 1st Ekaterinoslav territorial infantry regiment, then editor of the magazine "Young folks", head of the press Department of the Ekaterinoslav provincial Committee of the Communist youth Union of Ukraine. In 1922 he moved to Moscow, he studied at the technical school, then at the Department of literature of the 1st Moscow state University, the Highest literary Institute. C. Y. Bryusov. First poem published in 1917 in the newspaper "the voice of the soldier. In Moscow became a member of the literary group "Young guard", bringing together writers, sang revolutionary remaking of the world. In 1924-1925 was part of the literary group "Pass", around which were grouped the "companions".
Early collections of the poet "Rails" (1923)," Poems" (1924), "Roots" (1925) little promised his future work, they are not special, "Svetly" intonation, though already at that time were born works, which formed an epoch in Soviet poetry, forever remaining in the literature. The poem "Grenada" (1927), capturing a certain human type - selfless soldier of the civil war, created the ideal model, which was guided by several generations of pre-war youth. His nature and character of the poem "Rafalovka", a modest girl of the twenties, whose unheroic, the daily sacrifice is compared with the pursuits of Joan of Arc. Unexpected imagery, complex plot twists in verses close to the ballads make the poems of this period is absolutely distinctive. The poet claimed a special moral imperative is expressed, not without irony, but definitely.
Soon began a creative slump, already noticeable in the book "Night meeting" (1927), lasted for several decades. The exception was the "Song of Kakhovka" (1935, music. Acting Dunayevsky), written for the film "Three comrades", and cruise line in the song "If tomorrow the war, if tomorrow March" from movie of the same name, co-author of the script which was Svetlov.
During the great Patriotic war poet was a military correspondent for the newspaper "Red star", "the defeat of the enemy" and "Heroic assault". The best work in war-time - the poem "the Italian "(1943), categorically asserted: "...there is no justice // Fairer my bullets!".
About the new rise testified collections " Horizon" (1959), "Hunting Lodge" (1964) and "Poems of recent years" (1967), for which the author was posthumously awarded the Lenin prize. Here the tragic realization that the end is near (Svetlov knew that the terminally ill) even stronger shades of ironic, whimsical characters unite them, not with verses of previous years, and with Svetly aphorisms, fragments of notebooks.
If the poems have received universal recognition, plays, though, and were staged in various theatres, special, had no success, perhaps because the Directors did not find approach to romantic sentiment works. In different years Svetlov were written "Deep province" (1935), "the Tale" (1939), "Twenty years later" (1940), and not delivered "Cape Desire" (1940), " the Brandenburg gate" (1946), "the happiness of Others" (1953), "new happiness" (1956) and a variation on the theme of K. Gozzi "the Love for three oranges" (1964). The play is about And Saint-Exupery, he was working on in recent years, has not been completed. Interesting remaining sketches "Adult fairy tale" - a kind of phantasmagoric prose, the plot of which, however, had grown. For this characteristic prose unexpected but compelling imagery, for example, this comparison: "dawn was very similar to the Russian furnace, in which baked bread of angels".
Curious widely circulated aphorisms Svetlova. Humor Svetlova, despite external playfulness, existential, unexpected puns transformed banality, exposing the second and third meanings. In the Maxim "What is death? Means joining the majority" - the quintessence of worldview late Svetlova.
Died Svetlov in Moscow on 28 September 1964 from cancer. He was buried in Moscow at the Novodevichy cemetery.