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IGOR SEVERYANIN

Igor Severyanin Igor Severyanin (pseudonym of Igor Vasilyevich Lotareva) was born in 1887 in St. Petersburg. The son of an officer of the aristocrat. He studied at the Cherepovets real school. Not having completed higher education, the Northerner, he published his first poems at the age of 18 in 1905.
The first collection of "the Dawn of thought" published in 1908. Claiming themselves to be followers of "pure poetry" K. Fofanova and M. Lokhvitsky, the Northerner made formal innovations in poetry. Some of the created word formations entered the Russian language (for example, "incompetent", "cinema", "auto"), were prompted them Century. Mayakovsky (verbs "okaloosae", "acranet", "Gromit" and others).
The Northerner coming in poetry welcomed Century Bruce. Negatively speaking about "restaurant boudoir ' theme Northerner, M. Bitter appreciated the authenticity of his lyrical talent.
In 1911 the Northerner headed for ecofutures, bringing together poets, published the newspaper "St. Petersburg Herald" (P. Ivnev and others). Later joined kubofuturistom.
In 1913 published a collection of "Promocije Cup", which for 2 years 7 editions.
He became the founder of ecofutures, in addition to just futurism, proclaiming the cult of individualism, towering above the faceless crowd of townsfolk. But it's nice tickled the pride of the Philistines. With futurism Mayakovsky Northerner United shocking mischief, contempt for bellicose patriotism and a mockery of musty artificial little world terminally boring classicists. However, the bourgeoisie, which the Northerner teasing and mocking pin ridicule, became his main adoring fan.
After performances in the Crimea with Mayakovsky, D. Burlyuk, V. Kamensky went with kubofuturistom.
Poetry collections "Zlatomir" (1914), "Pineapples in champagne" (1915), "Victoria Regia" (1915), "Patentrecht" (1915) and others are mostly decadent character, their language fanciful, mannerisms, deliberation, bordering taste. Using a variety of sizes, it is almost not used, the Northerner boldly introduced new and, by combining them, have invented a number of poetic forms: garland Triolet, square, squares, mignonet, diesel and other
In the spring of 1918 at an evening of poetry at the Polytechnic Museum, the Northerner was elected "King of poets", despite the presence of the Block and Mayakovsky.
To call yourself a genius, he never hesitated, but in everyday life was very simple. Young Antokolsky was shocked when the Northerner in his presence was ordered in the restaurant no "pineapples in champagne", not "ice cream with lilac, and a bottle of vodka and pickles.
At the February revolution the Nord responded poems "the Anthem of the Russian Republic," "My people", "it - reality" (March 1917), which was included in the collection "Merely" (Berlin, 1922). In the poem "Alexander IV" the poet expressed his hatred of Kerensky, calling it a "tragic clown on a tightrope" (collection of Verbena", 1920).
In the summer of 1918, the Northerner, who then lived in Estonia, was cut off from the Motherland. Of the 38 years of his literary activity Northerner almost 24 years I lived in Estonia. Went further with performances in France and in Yugoslavia. There went his collections "Estland poesy" (1919), "Verbena" (1920).
In 1922 the Northerner made in Berlin together with Century Mayakovsky and A. N. Thick; here he has published collections "Merely", "the Minstrel", "Fairy Eiole. Poesy 1920 - 1921," (1922), a novel in verse, "Epilepsy rapids" (1922), 1923 - collections "Nightingale", "the Tragedy of titanium".
In 1925 he published an autobiographical novel in verse "the Bells of the Cathedral of the senses" (Yuriev), 1931 - a collection of "Classic roses" (Belgrade), in 1934, a collection of sonnets "Medallions" (ibid), 1935 - "novel in verse," "the Piano Leandro" (Bucharest). In the poems written abroad, the Northerner sang his Motherland, in tragic tones spoke of the impossibility of return.
No other English poet has not reflected so well in his poems of nature and life in Estonia, as Igor Severyanin. He became a major translator of Estonian poetry into Russian. In 1928 the Northerner issued in his translation an anthology of Estonian lyrics for 100 years.
After the accession of Estonia to the Soviet Union in 1940 resumed creative activity, trying to be published in the Soviet press. In 1940, the Northerner has published in journals such as "the Red virgin soil", "Spark" poems, which welcomed the accession of the Baltic republics in "shestnadtsatimesyachnyj Union". Poetry of the last age is lyricism, a waiver of pretentiousness, of various sizes, melodiousness.
Poems Northerner translated into almost all European languages. His poems also put to music by M. Bagrinowski, A. Vertinsky, N. Golovanov, S. Rachmaninoff ("Daisy") and other
The northerner translated from French (Charles Baudelaire, P. werlen, C. Prud'homme and others), German (D. Liliencron), Polish (A. Mickiewicz), Jewish (L. Stop), Serbian (I. Ducic), Bulgarian (H. Botev, P. Slaveykov), Romanian (M. Eminescu), Estonian (A. Alla, Y. Liiv and others), Lithuanian (S. Neris) languages.
Died in German-occupied Tallinn from a heart attack.
He was buried at the Alexander Nevsky cemetery in Tallinn.

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