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SERGEY NORTH

Sergey North

Real name Sergey North - Sergey Nikolaevich Brylin (1886-1954). Other aliases S. Duraline - Artem R., Bibliophile, M. Vasilyev, S. D., I. Komissarov, N. Katanov, V. Nikitin, D. Nikolaev, S. Nikolaev, D. Nikolaev-Duralin, N. Sergeev, M. Rajewski, With Raevsky, Sergey Rajewski.
C. Duralin - teacher, theologian, literary critic and poet.
He studied at the IV Moscow gymnasium, went from class VI grammar school (December 1903). The reason for leaving school was the disagreement with the dominant education system. In 1903 he met with N. N. Gusev, Secretary Tolstoy published by the "Mediator". Since 1904, the officer of the publishing house, the author of the journals "liberal education" (1907-1913) (1907 - editorial Secretary); "the lighthouse" (1909-1913), "Scales" (1909), "Russkaya Mysl", "Bulletin of the archaeological society for the study of the Russian North" (1913), "proceedings of the society for the study of the Olonets province" (1913); almanac "Works and days" (1913); newspaper "the New Earth" (1910, 1912), "Russian Gazette" (1910-1913) and other printed publications.
Engaged in private teaching, among his pupils Igor Ilyinsky. From 1906 to 1917 made a number of trips to the Russian North, old places of the TRANS-Volga region (1913-1915) and Kaluga province (, Borovsk, 1915). The reason for these trips was not only the archaeological and ethnographic. Travel Duraline quite fit in the General intellectual tradition of "spiritual journeys" and of interest to the division.
In the period from 1910 to 1914 was a student (listener) Moscow Archaeological Institute, thesis topic - the iconography of St. Sophia.
In 1911-1913 he regularly visited rhythmic circle Andrew White at the publishing house "the run".
In the autumn of 1912 became Secretary of the Moscow religious-philosophical society in memory of Vladimir Solovyov (MRT), remained so until its closure. The last meeting of the society was held on 3 June 1918.
In 1913, the publishing house of the symbolists "run" was published his book "Richard Wagner and Russia. About Wagner and future ways of art", which first used the image of the invisible city of Kitezh" as the true Foundation of Russian spiritual culture. In the same year in the publishing house "the Way" was released another book on Kitezh theme - "the Church Invisible Castle. The legend of the castle of Kitezh".
In 1915 Brylin is a personal friend and correspondent (1918-1919) of Optina elder Anatoly (Potapov). He was ordained a priest in March 1920 and served in the Church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker in Kliniko, under the direction of O. Alexei Mechev (St. righteous Alexei of Moscow). In 1921 he moved to head Bogolyubsky chapel (now demolished) the Barbarian gate Vira wall. 20 June 1922 was followed by the arrest Duraline followed by expulsion in Chelyabinsk, where until 1924 Brylin was head of the archaeological Department of the Chelyabinsk Museum. There is a version of the addition Duraliner priestly office, but documentary evidence of this in the archives of the Patriarchate of the Orthodox Church is not detected.
In the summer of 1916 in the "Theological journal, O. Paul Florensky was published Duraline "the Chief of silence", in which for the first time the theme of the Optina as a real embodiment of "Hail the Unseen".
In 1924 he returned to Moscow, worked as a freelance employee Gahna on "sociological Department" and a home teacher in Moscow and Muranovo.
In 1927, was exiled to Tomsk, and in 1930 moved in Kirzhach, then, in 1933, he returned to Moscow and was again arrested. Released was the efforts of the wife Irina Komissarova, civil marriage was registered in 1933 in Kirzhach.
From 1936 to 1954 lived in the suburban Bolshevo (now a district of the city Korolyov), became known as an art critic and literary critic (1938 - employee imli, 1944 - doctor of philological Sciences, 1945 - Professor, head. the Department of History of Russian theatre GITIS), author of numerous works on the history of literature and theatre (the most famous are: ""a Hero of our time" M. Y. Lermontov" (1940); "Nesterov portrait" (1948), "A. N. Ostrovsky. Sketch of the life and creativity" (1949), "M. SC. Yermolov (1893-1928). Sketch of the life and creativity". However, the scope of his true interests were not limited officially recognized. It is in Bolshie Brylin continued and systematized their research o N. C. Leskova, K. N. The Leontief, W. C. Rozanova, early Slavophiles; theological works, works of prose, poetry over the years.
With 1924 in Chelyabinsk link, Brylin started to write "In his corner". The last notebook "Angles" was completed in 1939 in Bolshevo, however, work on the body of the text in 1500 pages continued until 1941. With this cycle of logically and chronologically related other - "In his own corner, above which Brylin worked until his death.
In 1943 he received the degree of doctor of Philology. In 1945 he became Professor of GITIS.
For research in the field of Russian classical dramaturgy, stage history of the plays, the study of the problems of the actor's creativity was awarded the order of red banner of Labor and medals.

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